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African American Rights Statistics
Beginning Middle End
Social
Segregation. The Jim Crow Laws By the end of 1962, 810 towns and cities
(developed from 188791) had desegregated public areas.
introduced formal
segregation in the south on
trains, in schools and later in
all public places.
Education. By 1876 there were 70,000 3.…read more

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Bankrupt state governments
would lease out African
American convicts to
businessmen to be used as
cheap labour in terrible
conditions (known as convict
leasing ).
Political
Right to vote. Following the Civil War, over In 1947, only 12% of African Americans The percentage of registered African
700,000 African American were registered to vote. American voters in Mississippi increased
men were enrolled to vote . The number of African Americans dramatically from 6.7% in 1964 to 67.…read more

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Promotions and In Mobile, Alabama, 50 people were By 1992, 14% of African American men
professional injured in riots after 12 African American worked in managerial and professional
welders were promoted in May 1943. jobs, compared to 27% of white men.
careers.
Poverty. In 1965, 30% of African Americans lived
below the poverty line , compared to 8%
of whites.
In 1980, nearly 70% of the urban poor
were African American, compared to 10%
white.…read more

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In 1952, the illiteracy rate for African In 1990 the African American school dropout
children. Americans 14 years of age or older rate was 13% , compared to 9% for whites.
(10.2% ) was more than five times In 1992, 76% of African Americans graduated ,
that of whites (1.8%). which was 6% under whites.…read more

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It was estimated 184 African In 1915 it was estimated that 69 14 year old Emmet Till was murdered in 1955
Americans were lynched in 1885. African Americans were lynched . for speaking to a white woman.
Lynchings were rarer by 1992, however
attacks on African Americans still occurred,
Evidence: Evidence: such as the beating of Rodney King by the
The Klan Act 1871 was supposed to
police in 1991.
give protection from the KKK,
however lynchings still occurred in
practise. Evidence:
Legal Rights.…read more

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African American Political Rights ­ Federal Government Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
politica
l rights
Right to Impact: Impact: Impact:
vote. Following the Civil War, over 700,000 In 1947, only 12% of African Americans The percentage of registered African
African American men were enrolled were registered to vote. American voters in Mississippi increased
to vote. The number of African Americans dramatically from 6.7% in 1964 to 67.5% in
It was estimated that of the 181,000 registered to vote in the USA rose from 1968.…read more

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African American Economic Rights ­ Federal Government Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
economi
c rights
Jobs. Impact: Impact: Impact:
By 1890 three in four African Even though the numbers of African By 1968 affirmative action had increased African
American farmers were either Americans in federal employment Americans in the construction industry from 1%
tenants or sharecroppers , increased from 50,000 in 1933 to to 12%.
compared to one in three 200,000 in 1946, the majority of African Americans held only about 3% of
whites.…read more

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African American Social Rights ­ Factors
Factor Beginning Middle End
Federal Judgement: Judgement: Judgement:
governmen
t
Evidence: Evidence: Evidence:
The Freedman's Bureau (until Gaines v Canada (1938) Brown v Board of Education (1954) outlawed segregation
1872) attempted to aid African promoted university rights in education.
Americans in education for African Americans. Browder v Gayle (1956) outlawed segregation on buses.
matters, however it didn't have President Truman set up the President Eisenhower eventually sent in troops to help
much impact.…read more

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