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African American Rights Statistics





Beginning Middle End

Social
Segregation. The Jim Crow Laws By the end of 1962, 810 towns and cities
(developed from 188791) had desegregated public areas.
introduced formal
segregation in the south on
trains, in schools and later in
all public places.
Education. By 1876 there were…

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giving evidence against a
white person or serving on
juries.
Bankrupt state governments
would lease out African
American convicts to
businessmen to be used as
cheap labour in terrible
conditions (known as convict
leasing ).

Political
Right to vote. Following the Civil War, over In 1947, only 12% of African…

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Promotions and In Mobile, Alabama, 50 people were By 1992, 14% of African American men
professional injured in riots after 12 African American worked in managerial and professional
welders were promoted in May 1943. jobs, compared to 27% of white men.
careers.
Poverty. In 1965, 30% of African Americans lived…

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compared with 15% of white In 1952, the illiteracy rate for African In 1990 the African American school dropout
children. Americans 14 years of age or older rate was 13% , compared to 9% for whites.
(10.2% ) was more than five times In 1992, 76% of African Americans graduated…

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It was estimated 184 African In 1915 it was estimated that 69 14 year old Emmet Till was murdered in 1955
Americans were lynched in 1885. African Americans were lynched . for speaking to a white woman.
Lynchings were rarer by 1992, however
attacks on African Americans still occurred,
Evidence:…

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African American Political Rights ­ Federal Government Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
politica
l rights
Right to Impact: Impact: Impact:
vote. Following the Civil War, over 700,000 In 1947, only 12% of African Americans The percentage of registered African
African American men were enrolled were registered to vote. American…

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African American Economic Rights ­ Federal Government Help/Hinder
Area of Beginning Middle End
economi
c rights
Jobs. Impact: Impact: Impact:
By 1890 three in four African Even though the numbers of African By 1968 affirmative action had increased African
American farmers were either Americans in federal employment Americans in the…

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compared to only 10% of white In 1966, fourinten ( 41.8% ) of AfricanAmericans
families. were classed as poor and African Americans
constituted nearly a third (31.1%) of all poor
Americans.
Evidence: In 1980, nearly 70% of the urban poor were

African American, compared to 10% white.
During Reagan's Presidency…

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African American Social Rights ­ Factors
Factor Beginning Middle End
Federal Judgement: Judgement: Judgement:
governmen
t

Evidence: Evidence: Evidence:
The Freedman's Bureau (until Gaines v Canada (1938) Brown v Board of Education (1954) outlawed segregation
1872) attempted to aid African promoted university rights in education.
Americans in education for African…

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Kathleen Alderman

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