Making Of Modern Britain - Revision Guide.

Covers the period 1951 - 2007. Teacher created these revision notes for the class, includes all key points and topics, essay plans, examples etc.

Please note the reference on p52 to the disaster at Hillsborough 1989 as an example of football hooliganism is incorrect. The Taylor Report in 1989 concluded that the main cause was a failure of police control, and the 2016 inquest verdict made it clear that the behaviour of fans did not contribute to the disaster.

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  • Created by: cbird92
  • Created on: 11-06-10 12:19
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Making Of Modern Britain,

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Three key turning points during this period
1951 election > start of 13 years Conservative rule
1979 election > start of Thatcher dominance lasting 11 years
1997 election > start of New Labour dominance (so far 13 years)
1951 saw end of Labour and Attlee in government ­ had achieved all promises outlined in 1945 election manifesto and legacy remains for
(arguably) twenty years. Impact on society and politics until mid 1970's despite Conservative dominance, and Welfare State and NHS
continue to date.…read more

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Conservative dominance were about to begin. Churchill looked tired and the Conservatives unlikely
to be able to deal with Britain's economic troubles. However, there came a succession of 3 Conservative PM's ­ Churchill, Eden, and
Not a landmark victory as Labour almost won re-election ­ Labour vote actually totalled more than the Conservative vote (biggest
achieved by Labour) and could have won more had Attlee held off the election until the economy had begun to pick up.…read more

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Labour and Conservative governments during the next 35 years. Until Thatcher came into power in 1979 and deliberately challenged
this CONSENSUS, there was a BROAD LEVEL OF AGREEMENT on what were the major domestic and foreign issues and how they
were to be handled.
Britain of 1951 was shaped by its recent history:
1. GREAT DEPRESSION OF 1930'S ­ regarded in 1951 as awful time of misery and mass unemployment, never to be repeated
2.…read more

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POTENTIAL EXAM QUESTION: Explain why there was a post-war consensus
This is only a suggested idea of how you could approach the question
Introduction: outline key words and period, list factors to be discussed
Paragraph One: Attlee's legacy and the feeling of national unity
· Popularity of NHS ­ couldn't revoke it (political suicide), One Nation Conservatism meant that it was more acceptable to Tory
ideology ­ acceptance of popularity and ability to weave it into their own policies, less hostile to it
· Could…read more

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Corby in 1940's saw them expand in 1950's, farmers did well (state subsidies), end
of rationing 1954.
Surge in ownership of consumer goods > TVs, white goods, furniture. Symbol of affluence.
1955 GENERAL ELECTION - Why did the Tories win? Win by healthy majority: 68 seats (Conservative 49.7% vote, Labour 46.4%)
Butler boosted Conservative election prospects with a `give-away' budget that provided the middle class with £134 million in tax
Affluence ­ `feel good factor' most voters were happy with their rising living standards.…read more

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Age of Affluence continuing > Post war boom and consumer prosperity and confidence
Supermac personality and flair, cabinet of efficient managers
Economic recovery by 1959 coinciding with April tax cuts
Ineffective opposition - Divisions of Labour (disagreements over character of party, how far the party should push for a socialist
agenda like nationalisation, splits over nukes, uncertainty over EEC applications, outmanoeuvred by Conservatives during election)
and sidelining of Liberal Party (due in part to FPTP electoral system)
Conservative recovery from Suez and ability to manage…read more

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Conservative Party continues to survive and dominate in 1957 despite Suez Crisis due to rising living standards and the age of
affluence. Macmillan aware couldn't last > double message in his `Never had it so good' speech - pleased about spread of affluence &
consumer prosperity (Cons given credit for it!).…read more

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Barnett ­ Economic Decline!
· 1970's inevitable culmination of long term economic decline
· Failed to control spending or face down wage demands from unions
· British industry failed to modernise
· Britain's world trade ­ ¼ 1951 to 1/10th 1975
· Technical education neglected
· Low productivity vs. US, Japan and W.…read more

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Close run contest with Labour squeezing to victory by 4 seats. Why?
Run of scandals and `events' 1962-3 e.g. Profumo, Vassall affair, spy scandals
Government embarrassed by French rejection of EEC application
Sense of a power vacuum following the resignation of Macmillan and doubts over choosing a successor
Sense of growing impatience with the old `Establishment' and desire for generational change > showed through Private Eye and That
Was The Week That Was.
Increased support for Labour.…read more


Alex Judge

this is brilliant, thanks!!!

Marianne Clacy

This is the best thing since poptarts. You are the best!




this is so helpful thankyou!!!

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