A-2A Exhaustive Revision Notes on Modern World Depth Study: Germany 1918-39

These are my exhaustive revision notes for Unit 2A of the GCSE History (Specification A) syllabus for Edexcel.

I have used multiple textbooks as well as internet sources to compile these notes.

I hope that you may find these notes useful :)

HideShow resource information

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1


Fall of the German Empire

October 29, 1918 ­
June 28, 1919

Causes of the Fall of the German Empire:
In Germany, the Allied naval blockade meant
By summer 1918, Germany had largely been that Germans had to begin rationing their
defeated in the Great War. Its `Spring limited resources.…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Clemenceau's policy of making Germans pay. The Treaty of Versailles was thus disappointing for
Germans.
Because of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany
Germans were also angry with Article 231. This
lost almost half its iron reserves and 15% of its
resulted in government unpopularity and
coal reserves, rendering the reparations…

Page 3

Preview of page 3










The Spartacist Uprising and
Kapp Putsch

January 6, 1919 ­
March 1920
Causes of the Spartacist Uprising and Kapp Putsch:
Leftwing communist groups The Weimar Government was
Rightwing exmilitary groups
inspired by the Russian weak and unpopular because
were angry against the
Revolution were angered by of the Treaty of…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
The political instability increased the unpopularity of the Weimar Government and caused the
Social Democrats to halve in support by June 1920. The street violence also led to the formation
of more extreme political parties, including the DAP in 1919.










The Ruhr Crisis and German
Hyperinflation

May 1, 1921 ­…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Shoppers also needed to result of its support for the
carry wheelbarrows of workers in the Ruhr.
money;
Shopkeepers tried to close
their shops against
government demands.

Gustav Stresemann Reforms:
Stresemann addressed the hyperinflation by
On August 13, 1923, Gustav Stresemann,
introducing a new currency, the Rentenmark,
supported by a…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
disputed territories such as AlsaceLorraine,
which had been annexed by France, the
Treaties were resented by rightwing
nationalist groups.
The KelloggBriand Pact of August 1928:
In August 1928, Germany signed an international agreement alongside 64 other countries in
which states promised not to use war in order to achieve their…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Brüning proposed raising taxes to pay for
The government was left weak. Between unemployment benefits and cutting
March 1930 and May 1932, Heinrich Brüning unemployment benefits to make them more
served as Centre Party Chancellor ruling a affordable. With the rise of the communist KPD
minority coalition government dependent on…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
German people), scrapping the Treaty of Versailles and depriving the
Jews of German citizenship. The 25Point Programme committed the
DAP to use violence to achieve its aims.
On August 7, 1920, the DAP changed its name to the
The renaming of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP) in order to
DAP…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
alongside other supporters, sentence of five years' the party's failure highlighting
including Ludendorff. Hitler imprisonment to Landsberg its lack of popular supports
was put on a wellpublicised Castle. Ludendorff was and military credibility.
trial which enabled him to air acquitted of all charges.
his views nationwide.
Hitler exploited the trial…

Page 10

Preview of page 10




























The NSDAP after the Wall
Street Crash

September 14, 1930 ­
January 30, 1933
Following the Wall Street Crash on October 29, 1929, the NSDAP increased in support as German
voters turned to extreme parties for extreme solutions to extreme economic problems.
The NSDAP's appeal to various groups:
By offering…

Comments

GCSErevision2016

Great work love it

GCSErevision2016

Is it for the A* - G syllabus or 9 - 1

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »