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1. a) The Armistice
· Signed 11 November 1918 (peace agreement)
· Germans felt that they had been forced to
surrender by the new Government who had
taken over after the Kaiser had abdicated
· These politicians became known as "the
November Criminals" who stabbed Germany
in the back…read more

Slide 3

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1. b) The new constitution had
· Proportional representation meant no single party won
a majority of seats which meant the country was ruled
by weak coalitions which always broke down meaning
there were always new elections
· 1923-30 there were 10 coalition Governments
· Many judges and civil servants did not agree with the
new Weimar Government and challenged it
· Article 48 meant the President could rule without
Parliament in an emergency
· The army did not support the Weimar Government and
wanted the Kaiser to return…read more

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1. C) Unrest in Germany 1918-23
· The new Government was unpopular with the
public who felt they had surrendered and had a
weak constitution
· Weimar was hated by Communists (Soartacist
Rising 1919 ) and they staged an uprising in 1919
· The army hated Weimar and in 1920 right wing
extremists staged an uprising in the Kapp Putsch.
The army did not support the Government…read more

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1. d) The Treaty of Versailles
· Signed 28 June 1919
· Conditions horrified Germans. The claimed it was a "diktat" ­
a forced peace
1. Germany lost 13% of it's land, 48% of it's iron production
and 6 million citizens
2. Article 231 the War Guilt Clause. Germany had to accept
full guilt for WW1
3. Reparation repayments of 6.6 billion
4. They were not allowed to be a part of the League of Nations
5. Their army was restricted to 100,000 and was not allowed in
the Rhineland
· Weimar at first rejected the terms but had to accept or go
back into war. They called the terms Gewaltfrieden (enforced
peace) and the Chancellor resigned…read more

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1. e) Economic instability
· Germany could not pay the reparation
repayments so French and Belgian forced
occupied the industrial area of the Ruhr
· This led to inflation which meant the
Government had to print more money which
made it worthless
· This led to hyperinflation which reached it's
height in 1923 and was a humiliation for the
Government…read more

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