Germany 1918-39 fact test

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A term used to describe the politicians who agreed to surrender on 11th November 1918
November criminals
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A phrase used to describe the German army's surrender
Stab in the back (Dolchstoss)
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Date of the Treaty of Versailles
June 28th 1919
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Article of the treaty that gave Germany full blame for the war
231
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The reduced size of the German army
100,000
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Industrial regions returned to France
Alsace-Lorraine
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The Rhineland was demilitarised for how many years?
15
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3 extremist groups who opposed the Weimar Republic
Nationalists, Nazis, Communists (K.P.D)
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Reparations figure announced in 1921
£6.6 billion
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Disastrous financial situation triggered by this announcement
Hyperinflation
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One group who benefited from the financial situation
Debtors
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What caused the French invasion of the Ruhr?
German failure to pay second instalments of reparations
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Month and year of the invasion
January 1923
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What action did the German government order the Ruhr workers to take?
Passive resistance
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How did the German government attempt to pay these workers?
Print more money
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What did this intensify?
Hyperinflation
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Number of Germans killed during the French occupation
140
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Which order from Stresemann about the Ruhr Crisis appalled patriotic Germans?
Called off passive resistance
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Such unpopularity undermined the Weimar Governments c... (1 word, 11 letters)
credibility
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Which two parties violently criticised Stresemann's surrender?
Nazis and Nationalists
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Italian fascist whose 1922 march on Rome inspired Hitler
Mussolini
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Hitler felt he could rely on which WW1 hero if he attempted a putsch against the Weimar Republic?
Ludendorff
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Von Kahr was the P.M of which regional government?
Bavaria (Bayern)
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Why did Hitler believe he could count on Von Kahr?
Shared right wing political views
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Two cities that were the focus of Hitler's intended Putsch
Munich/Berlin
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English name for putsch
Revolt
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Date of putsch
November 8th-9th 1923
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How did Von Kahr betray Hitler?
Informed national government in Berlin
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Number of Nazis who marched through Berlin
3000
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Number of Nazis killed?
16
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Prison where Hitler was sent
Landsberg Castle
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Length of Hitler's sentence?
5 years
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Time actually served?
9 months
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Nazi who tried to replace Hitler while he was in prison?
Gregor Strasser
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Length of Hitler's trial
24 days
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Hitler's autobiography
Mein Kampf
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Hitler's new strategy on release from prison
Legal or democratic approach
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Give the dates of the 'Golden Age'
1924-29
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Who was the most influential German politician during this period of recovery?
Gustav Stresemann
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Who was the new finance minister?
Hans Luther
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The new currency he introduced
Rentenmark
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The French now withdrew from which region?
Ruhr
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Year of the Dawes Plan
1924
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Amount borrowed from the USA
$800 million
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Number of new homes constructed
3 million
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Name given to the new manufactoring techniques in factories
Mass production
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Productivity increased by what amount?
33
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Year of the Young Plan
1929
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Reparations where reduced by what percentage?
75%
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The deadline for final reparations payments was extended by?
58 years
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International agreement of 1925
Locarno Pact
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International agreement of 1928
Kellogg-Briand Pact
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Organisation joined by Germany in 1926 and left in 1933
League of Nations
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How many seats did the Nazis have in the Reichstag in 1928?
12
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Date of the Wall Street Crash
24th October 1929
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Share values lost
$26 billion
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Amount borrowed via the Dawes Plan of 1924
$800 million
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Year when farming prices began to fall
1925
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% of factory workers laid off
40%
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Peak of German unemployed in 1932
6 million
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% of University graduates unable to find employment
60%
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The German government feared a return of this financial nightmare
Hyperinflation
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2 groups who feared the communists
Businessmen and the Middle Classes
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One of Hitler's promises
Make Germany 'great' again
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Another of Hitler's promises
Revive the economy (e.g. end unemployment)
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Ministry created by Goebbels in 1933
Ministry for peoples enlightenment and propoganda
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2 propoganda methods
Mass rallies and Torchlight parades
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4 more propoganda methods
Radio, Newspaper, Films and Posters
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Type of propoganda targeting specific groups
Sectoral
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4 examples of groups targeted
Unemployed, ex-soldiers, women, middle classes
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Date when Hindenburg appointed Hitler as chancellor
January 1933
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Nazi drop in votes (%) between July and November 1932
37.4% to 33.1%
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% of votes needed to pass laws
51%
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% of votes needed to change the constitution
67%
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Date of the Reichstag fire
February 27th 1933
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Dutch communist allegedly responsible
Marinus Van Der Lubbe
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Hindenburg allowed Hitler to rule using which legal weapon
Emergency decree
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Number of communists arrested using the Emergency decree
4000
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Hitler formed a coalition with which party in order to pass the Enabling Act?
Catholic Centre Party
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This marked the end of --- and the beginning of ---
Democracy, Dictatorship
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What were banned in May 1933
Trade Unions
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What were banned in July 1933
Other political parties
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Germany was now a
One party state
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The S.A (Brownshirt) leader who hoped to introduce more left wing policies to Nazism
Ernst Rohm
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Date of the 'Night of the Long Knives'
June 30th 1934
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Whose loyalty was Hitler trying to gain through this purge?
Regular army
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Number of SA leaders eliminated
400
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2 event of Aug 1934 which further consolidated Hitler's position
Death of Hindenburg and the Army oath of loyalty
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Germany had become a (two words)
Totalitarian State
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Nazi terror organisation set up in 1925
S.S (Protection Squad)
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Nickname for this group
Blackshirts
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Its leader
Heinrich Himmler
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3 methods used by this organisation to consolidate the Nazi regime's power
Arrest without trial, search homes, confiscate property
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Non-uniformed Nazi terror organisation
Gestapo (secret police)
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Methods used by this organisation
Spies, informers, torture
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This new legal body replaced the regular courts
People's court
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Number of death sentences between 1934-39
534
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First concentration camp
Dachau
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% of Germans with radios
70%
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Notorious propoganda film released in 1937
The Eternal Jew
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2 groups criticised for being anti-German in this film
Jews and communists
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% by which the working day was increased by the nazis
10%
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Nazi organisation, led by Robert Ley, that replaced trade unions
German Labour Front (D.A.F)
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Section of number 16 which organised leisure activities for workers such as holidays, concerts and keep fit clubs
Strength through joy
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Number of unemployed by 1939 from 1932
0.2 million down from 6 million
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2 ways in which employment was cut
Conscription and public works
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Main reason why Hitler targeted the youth of Germany
The 1000 year reich
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Second reason
Social Darwinism (Indoctrination)
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Person in charge of youth policy
Baldur von Schirach
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Youth group created for 14-18 year old boys
Hitler youth
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German name for this group
Hitler Jugend
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Two activities of this group (boys)
Military training and driving cars
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Two more activities of the group (boys)
Shoot pistols and fly gliders
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Year in which membership became compulsary
1936
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Of the 10 million possible members, how many had joined by 1938?
7 million
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Girls equivalent of the boys organisation
League of German maidens
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2 activities for girls
Fitness and childcare
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2 more activities for girls
womanhood and natural appearance
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Reason why physical fitness was emphasised so heavily for girls
Healthy children=healthy soldiers
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Education aimed to ---- the German youth (1 word)
Indoctrinate
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Biology lessons focused on
Racial purity and breeding
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3 new school subjects
Race study, party beliefs, eugenics
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Year of the burning of the books
1936
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3 anti-Nazi youth gangs
Swing Kids, Raving Dudes, Edelweiss Pirates
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2 anti-Nazi activities of these groups during WW2
Graffiti and leaflets
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2 more activities of the anti-Nazi groups
Helping shot down allied aircrew return home and attacking the Hitler Youth
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Role of men in Nazi Germany
Warriors
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Role of women
support men and raise racially pure children
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German for 'Children, Church, Kitchen'
Kinder, Kirche, Kuche
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4 expectations of mother's lifestyles
Lots of children, exercise, domestic role, obey husband
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What was Hitlers view on the status of women
'Different but equal'
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2 countries with a higher birth rate than Germany
Poland and Russia
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European country that had already introduced rewards for having more children
France
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Germany's birth rate in 1900
2 million births
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Germany's birth rate by 1933
under 1 million births
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2nd reason (apart from the birth rate) why women were targeted
1000 year reich
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Nazi baby farms
Lebensborn
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Amoant of the loan a woman might recieve for birthing children
1000 marks
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Number of women who applied for the loans
800,000
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Different grades of the 'Mothers cross'
Bronze (4), Silver (6), Gold (8)
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4 types of women sterilised
Epileptics, Blind, Deaf, Alcoholics
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% increase in the birth rate by 1936
30%
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4 professions which the women were banned from
Doctors, Teachers, Civil Servants, Lawyers
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Nazi organisation for women
Faith and Beauty
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Change in policy towards women in WW2
Women encouraged to work
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Examples of pressures on women in WW2
Intensive bombing and 6 million German casualties
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Theory of the 'Survival of the fittest'
Social Darwinism
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2 names for the supposed 'Master Race'
Aryan and Nordic
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German for the 'Master Race'
Herrenvolk
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Name for the 'National Community'
Volk
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German name for 'inferior people' or 'sub-humans'
Untermenschen
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Global Jewish plot
International Jewish Conspiracy
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1937 film depicting this plot
The Eternal Jew
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What Hitler called the Weimar Republic
The Jew Republic
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2 examples of the Jewish plot in Germany
Defeat in WW1 and the Treaty of Versailles
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2 more examples of the Jewish plot
Dawes Plan and the Wall Street crash
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3 groups that were targeted as well as Jews
Gypsies, Insane, Tramps + beggars
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3 more groups targeted
Slavs, Homosexuals, Alcoholics
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Anti-Semitic action of April 1933
Boycott of Jewish Shops
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2 Laws of September 1935
Nuremberg Laws, Reich Citizenship Law
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Englsih and German terms for the events of Nov 9th and 10th 1938
Night of the broken glass, Krisallnacht
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Whose assassination in Paris triggered these events?
Ernst Von Rath
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Human and physical damage caused
91 killed, 30,000 sent to concentration camps, 400 synagogues + 7500 businesses destroyed
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Possible years when the 'Final Solution' was decided upon
1941/1942
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S.S units that carried out the killings
Einsatzgruppen
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2 names for this for this phase of extermination
Holocaust and Genocide
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2 groups that supported the Nazis
Businessmen and Unemployed
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4 more groups that supported the Nazis
Patriotic Germans, Farmers, some women, some young people
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Propoganda minister
Goebbels
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Term used to describe the deliberate blocking of anti-Nazi views
Censorship
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2 left wing groups that never united against the Nazis
Social Democrats and Communists
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Left wing underground resistance groups
Red Orchestra
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Munich based student opposition movement
White rose
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Nazi policy condemned by the Catholic Cardinal Galen
Euthanasia
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Niemoller's 'disloyal' protestant church organisation
Confessional church
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A phrase used to describe the German army's surrender

Back

Stab in the back (Dolchstoss)

Card 3

Front

Date of the Treaty of Versailles

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Article of the treaty that gave Germany full blame for the war

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The reduced size of the German army

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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Lauragreeen

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ElizaRosewood

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Really useful resource! Great for specific detail :)

abby_devenish

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GOERING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

12mmurphy

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This is amazing!!! Thanks Ellabella

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