Modifying behaviour - Anger Management

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Modifying behaviour - Anger Management


  • Anger management is a successful treatment. Novoco - report 75% improvement rates (meta analysis)
  • Provides the individual with the skills needed to control their anger in the real world. Meaning that they can return to a normal life
  • Means that the individual can take action in controlling their behaviours
  • It is beneficial to prison environments as it has the potential to reduce the aggression and violence levels in prisons.
  • Reduces likelihood of re-offending which is beneficial to economy as it means that less money will be needed in the long term
  • Lack of consent could be overshadowed by the benefits to society


  • CBT isn't for everyone and so there may be a high drop out rate for it.
  • CBT is also only known to work if the individual wants to get better. If they are just there to get a reduced sentence then it may not work
  • Howells - showed only moderate benefits of anger management and in only one study was the improvement.
  • unknown whether anger and aggression are linked to crime. If anger doesn't contribute to aggression then anger management is irrelevant
  • One study found no difference between anger levels in non-violent and violent criminals
  • many individuals are required to take part as part of their punishment. There is little consent involved.


Anger management appears to be a useful technique in controlling anger within crime. However, more research needs to be conducted into criminal behaviour and whether anger is a key component. Furthermore, it doesn't help the individuals who may lack empathy and see nothing wrong in their behaviour. Additionally, many of the convicts treat it more as play time than a place to do serious development as they do not take the role playing seriously. However, much like CBT with schizophrenia it provides the individual with skills necessary to control and manage their own behavior.  


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