Divisions in Liberalism


Divisions in Liberalism


  • Negative liberty and civil liberties
  • Individualism and tolerance
  • Constitutionalism and consent
  • Legal and natural justice


  • Positive liberty and equality of opportunity
  • Atomism and egoistic individualism vs altruism and developmetal individualism
  • Social darwinism vs Social justice and social responsibility
  • Keynesianism vs free market

Overall comparison

Modern liberals like more state interference to help people out and ensure they have better opportunities. However, classic liberals think the state should not interference. Both strands have the same core ideas but interpret them differently.


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