Decline in birth rate

causes and effects of the decline in birth rate

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  • Created by: Hannah B
  • Created on: 14-05-14 16:23

Decline in birth rate

Causes

  • Changes in position of women (paid employment, increased opportunities, etc)
  • Decline in infant mortality (no need to replace babies that die)
  • Children have become an economic liability
  • Child centeredness

Effects

  • More dual earner couples
  • The dependency ratio, decreases the non-working part
  • Public services and policies (not as many needed)

Overall summary

There has been a general decline in birth rates since the 1900's but baby booms after world war 1 and world war 2 which caused fluctuations. In the 1900's birth rate was at 28.7 but by 2007 it had fallen to 10.7.

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