Demography and the Birth Rate

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  • Created on: 12-05-13 16:11
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  • Demography and the Birth Rate
    • Demography
      • Examines the factors affect the total size of the population.
      • Birth rate - the number of live births per 1000, per year.
      • Fertility rate - the number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-44.
      • Death rate - the number of deaths per 1000, per year.
      • Migration - the number of people coming in and out of a country.
    • The population of the UK
      • 2011 - 62 million
      • There has been fewer deaths than births since 1901.
      • Natural increase occurs when the number of births exceeds the number of deaths.
    • The birth rate
      • There has been a long term decline in the birth rate.
      • Baby booms after both The First and The Second World Wars
    • The fertility rate
      • Declining fertility rate - fewer women are choosing to have fewer children.
        • Emancipcation of women (Sue Sharpe, 1976, 1994)
          • Legal Pay Act (1970)
          • Dual earner families.
          • Improved education
        • Improved contraception and the easy access to abortion
        • Women less likely to get married and have children.
      • The infant mortality rate has fallen due to improved living standards, better healthcare and state welfare.
      • Children are seen as an economic burden.
        • No longer economic assets, now more financially dependent upon parents.
      • Beck and Beck-Gernschein - individualization
        • People no longer conform to traditional norms and values, but make their own desicions

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