YARNS

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 07-11-14 09:01
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  • YARNS
    • FANCY
      • Chenille
        • Cut pile yarn
      • Bouclé
        • Made by a special folding process to produce the loops visible
      • Slub
        • Single/folded yarns with different varieties of thickness
      • Bourette
        • Folded yarns containing short, often coloured bunches of fibres at intervals
      • Crepe
        • The yarns are highly twisted to make fabric with a wrinkled surface
    • CORE - SPUN
      • Multi-component yarn consisting of more than one filament
      • Staple fibres are spun around a core filament yarn
      • Can be used to make elastane fabrics (use an elastane filament for the core)
    • CONTINUOUS FILAMENT YARNS
      • Made from filament fibres
      • All are man-made fibres with the exception of silk
      • Filament fibres are lightly twisted together
      • Mono filament yarn (made from one thick filament)
      • Multi filament yarns (made from at least two filaments)
    • STAPLE SPUN YARNS
      • Staple fibres which are carded (so they lie in the same direction) and are spun together
      • May contain fibres of the same type or a blend of different ones
    • TEXTURED YARNS
      • False Twist: uses the thermoplastic properties of the fibre. They are twisted then heat-set then untwisted to produce crinkles
      • Air-jet texturizing doesn't rely on the thermoplastic properties of the fibre. A jet of cool air is directed onto the filament, producing waves and loops
    • FOLDED/PLIED YARNS
      • Made by twisting together at least two single yarns
    • CABLED YARNS
      • Made by twisting together folded/plied yarns

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