war on Spain american history

In 1898 McKinley declared war on Spain, there were several reasons why. 12 mark question.

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  • Why war on Spain was declared in 1898.
    • ECONOMY/ TRADE
      • Location was strategic.
        • Cuba would become import should the Panama Canal be built, easier and cheaper to trade.
          • If this was built  would boost the faltering US economy, as would the war in general.
      • Great deal of U.S trade with Cuba- $50 million in sugar and tobacco.
        • In jeopardy whilst future of Cuba was uncertain.
          • 86% Cuba's exports went to US
            • ECONOMY/ TRADE
              • Location was strategic.
                • Cuba would become import should the Panama Canal be built, easier and cheaper to trade.
                  • If this was built  would boost the faltering US economy, as would the war in general.
              • Great deal of U.S trade with Cuba- $50 million in sugar and tobacco.
                • In jeopardy whilst future of Cuba was uncertain.
                  • 86% Cuba's exports went to US
                • Increase business + earning American railroads, output American factories.
                  • This would then stimulate the industry and each branch of commerce.
        • Increase business + earning American railroads, output American factories.
          • This would then stimulate the industry and each branch of commerce.
      • OPINION OF SPANISH
        • In deceleration of war, McKinley referred to the barbarities of the Spanish
        • The Teller Amendment   implied Cuba would be freed following the war.
        • "Spanish   Cannibalism", termed by Yellow Press coloured opinion.
      • YELLOW PRESS
        • Rivalry between Hearst and Pultizer, competed to sell more newspapers.
          • Led to sensational headlines being written, led to public putting pressure on McKinley for war.
            • "Spanish   Cannibalism", termed by Yellow Press coloured opinion.
        • Exaggerated incident of sinking of the Maine.
          • USS MAINE
            • Shows the seen 'barbarities' of Spanish.
      • USS MAINE
        • Shows the seen 'barbarities' of Spanish.
      • WAR HUNGER
        • Yellow Press sparked up war hunger
        • End of frontier left army restless.
          • The new navy hadn't been tested, war plans had already been drawn up to attck the Spanish Philippines.
            • Many Americans were looking for a new territory to colonise, 'Manifest Destiny' created war hunger.
              • Cuba was so close it seemed only natural to extend that argument there.
          • Many Americans were looking for a new territory to colonise, 'Manifest Destiny' created war hunger.
            • Cuba was so close it seemed only natural to extend that argument there.
    • Control Gulf  of Mexico, easier to control 200km from American Coast.
      • 15th February 1898, Maine blew up in Havana harbour.
        • 266 US soldiers died.
        • Spanish blamed, later shown internal problem.

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