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Objectives of US Foreign Policy from
Reasons for and against Expansion/Imperialism

Reasons For Expansion/Imperialism Reasons Against Expansion/Imperialism
Some Americans felt it was A minority of Americans against
the "Manifest Destiny" of the USA to Imperialism formed the AIL
dominate the Northern half (Anti-Imperialist League)
encouraging western expansion…

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Beginnings of Expansion
One such impulse was the Monroe Doctrine and traditional American hostility to European
Formulated in 1823 with the presumption that Latin America would be receptive
to American influence
It was no surprise when they began to have concerns over the Spanish colony of
Cuba, near American…

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McKinley's Foreign Policy 1896-1901
Success Failure
Gained many lands due to the Spanish McKinley was forsaking his own views
American War to stay in power as he was pacifist
Guam His views divided the Republican Party,
Puerto Rico as he was going against the views of his
Guantanamo Bay party…

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The SpanishAmerican War (1898)
Cuban economy was already dependent on American markets for exporting their tobacco
and sugar
When Cuban Nationalists, led by Marti, began a revolt against Spanish rule in
1895, they received backing from America
The Spanish army crushed the revolt but their harsh methods were strongly

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Roosevelt's Foreign Policy 1901-1909
Annexation of the Philippines 1902
Stepping stone to Asian market
Increased trade with China
Alaska Boundary Dispute 1903
Dispute of Alaskan border with Canada and Britain
Roosevelt arranged a settlement in favour of American rights
Roosevelt Corollary 1904
Combined with Monroe Doctrine said that the "USA…

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An idea of a canal through Central America, linking the Atlantic and the Pacific
o The French had previously tried this in the 1880s but collapsed due to
financial problems
When the government of Columbia proved difficult to negotiate with, Roosevelt
sponsored an uprising of Panamanians to create independent republic…

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Appointed William Jennings Bryan as his secretary of state
o The leader of Democratic anti-imperialist opposition to the policies of
Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft
Argued that almost all wars in history had been wrong and disputes between
nations should be settled peacefully
Christian principles were taken seriously by…


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