A2 Edexcel History - Why did prohibition end?

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  • Why did prohibition end?
    • 1. The Depression
      • 13 to 17 m unemployed in 1932
        • General estimates around 12-13 million
        • American Labour Organisation suggested 17 million
      • Legality creates 1 million jobs
      • 7th biggest industry in the US
      • Farmers can use grain for alchohol production
      • Jobs and taxes
    • 4. Wickersham Report
      • 1929 - Wickersham Commission
        • Spends 18 months studying prohibition
      • Report published in 1931
      • Proof that prohibition wasn't working
      • But still said that prohibition should continue
    • 6. It just wasn't working
      • Led to organised crime and violence
        • Al Capone "supplying public demand"
        • 550 murders in Chicago
      • Led to corruption
        • Big Bill Thompson, Mayor of Chicago
        • Doctors
          • Offered medical prescriptions with alcohol
        • Agents
          • Only paid $2500 a year, so they were easily bribed
      • Geographically impossible
        • 18,700 miles of coastline
          • Would need a lot of agents
        • Mexico and Canada snuck it in
        • Only 5% was stopped
      • 32 places in 1 block in Manhattan where you could get a drink
      • Moonshine, the illegal booze grown at home
      • Technially only illegal to make, distribute and sell
    • 5. The legality of it
      • Against the Bill of Rights
      • Against individual liberties
      • Seen as a racist law
        • Drinking was part of immigrant culture
      • Against laissez faire
    • 3. Pressure
      • Organisations became stronger and more organised
      • More wets
      • Drinking is part of city culture
        • There was migration from the south to the north to the cities
      • Rockefeller turned against it, giving money to the repeal campaign
      • AAPA - Association Against the Prohibition Amendment
        • Financially backed
        • Only voted for wets
        • Used statistical evidence
          • i.e. the Wickersham Report
    • 2. Politics
      • Both Republicans and Democrats against it by 1932
        • Republicans a bit split though still
      • Depression was more important
      • Part of Roosevelt's campaign
        • One of the first things he did in office

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