Basic waves

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  • Basic Waves
    • Amplitude: The maximum displacement reached by an oscillation in the wave.
    • Frequency: The number of complete wave cycles per second.
    • Wavelength: The distance between a point on a wave and the same point on the next cycle of the wave.
    • Period: Time taken for one complete oscillation at one point on the wave.
    • Phase: The stage a given point on a wave is through a complete cycle.
  • Wave Types
    • Transverse
      • A wave in which the oscillations occur perpendicular to the direction of movement of the wave enrgy
        • Examples: All electromagnetic waves. Visible light, infrared, microwaves, radio waves, UV light, X-rays, Gamma rays
    • Longitudinal
      • A wave in which the oscillations travel parallel to the direction of the wave energy.
        • Examples: Sound waves

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