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  • vygotsky
    • he viewed language as a vital social tool.
      • he believed that children were active learners- they learn by exploring their world and testing their ideas against reality.
    • zone of proximal development= (1st draft and 2nd draft)
      • the level of actual development and the level of potential development
      • play- pretend play such as: mothers, doctors or nurses pushes children beyond their true capabilities.
        • the zone for the children is not fixed- some children have a larger zones than others.
          • he stressed the importance of knowing when support is no longer needed- the child has got the information they do not need assistance
    • application of VYGOTKSY
      • Understanding children as individuals
      • observing children- responding to them (marking).
      • interaction to aid learning
      • group work/ reading
      • varieties of experiences
      • assessment- progressing what can be done?
      • early years and practitioners need to know how children can move to the next stage (scaffolding process).
      • don't make the work too hard or too easy
    • criticisms
      • teachers need to know each child's level of development.
      • he did not pay enough attention to the biological factors (nature). especially the physical maturation in the child's first years of life
      • difficult to understand all the pupils in the class- not enough time to assess all of them


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