VIRTUE ETHICS

Another brief summary of the subunit Virtue Ethics for the second exam of the A2 Philosophy course for OCR. 

- Aristotle's belifes outlines

- Application of virtue ethics today

- Brief explanations 

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  • VIRTUE ETHICS
    • ARISTOTLE
      • Aristotle believed that everyone aspires to have a good, happy and full life for its own sake - Eudaimonia
        • EUDAIMONIA
          • To reach Eudaimonia we must practice behaviors and qualities best suited to living in a community, along side other people, with due regard and concern for the education of future generations.
        • THE GOLDEN MEAN
          • We can understand what qualities are virtuous by reaching a median between two extremes - finding the golden mean.
            • Eg. Just resentment instead of callousness or spitefullness
        • Human Flourishing.
          • EUDAIMONIA
            • To reach Eudaimonia we must practice behaviors and qualities best suited to living in a community, along side other people, with due regard and concern for the education of future generations.
        • He also believed that there was a difference between intellectual virtues and moral virtues.
    • Virtuous people behave in the right way
      • We can learn and experience what it is to be virtuous by looking at a virtuous person.
        • Thus, by imitating the virtuous behaviors and qualities of others we will become, ourselves, virtuous and so ethically virtuous (make the right moral decisions).
        • Eg. Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jesus.
    • REVIVAL OF VIRTUE ETHICS
      • ELIZABETH ANSCOMBE ''Human flourishing or Eudaimonia does not depend on a notion of a deity.''
        • Morality surviving independently of the moral argument for the existence of God.

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