Philosophy of Mind/ Ethics

  • Created by: pinglis
  • Created on: 22-05-18 15:08
Name 3 criticisms of Hard behaviourism
Mental states are multiply realisable. What causes our behaviour? Super Spartans.
1 of 8
What is the zombies argument and what does it criticise?
Displays whether qualia exist or not. Problem for physicalists, especially for Identity Theory.
2 of 8
Give 3 criticisms of Utilitarianism
Minority mistreatment (Jews), utility calculus is too complex, too hedonistic (Brave New World).
3 of 8
Briefly describe the criticism of Virtue Ethics that it is circular and the response
Virtuous people are virtuous because they act virtuously? What is virtue then? Aristotle says that virtue is slowly conditioning yourself to possess admirable qualities which will be redeemable through rewards and accolades.
4 of 8
Briefly describe functionalism?
Mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of. Mental states are purely their function,
5 of 8
What is the difference between type-identity theory and type-token IT?
Type suggests that mental states are directly correlatable with physical events or brain states. Token avoids the problem of multiple realisability
6 of 8
Give 3 criticisms of Virtue Ethics other than circularity
Relativism, lack of concrete guidance, no discernible difference between virtues (biting your nails/ cannibalism).
7 of 8
Give 3 criticisms of identity theory
Multiple realisablility, zombies argument,
8 of 8

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Displays whether qualia exist or not. Problem for physicalists, especially for Identity Theory.

Back

What is the zombies argument and what does it criticise?

Card 3

Front

Minority mistreatment (Jews), utility calculus is too complex, too hedonistic (Brave New World).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Virtuous people are virtuous because they act virtuously? What is virtue then? Aristotle says that virtue is slowly conditioning yourself to possess admirable qualities which will be redeemable through rewards and accolades.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of. Mental states are purely their function,

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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