Utilitarianism

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  • Utilitarianism
    • Both Bentham and Mill observed:
      • Pleasure=good. Pain=bad.
    • Hedonic Calculus
      • Purity
      • Remoteness
      • Intensity
      • Certainty
      • Bentham's
      • Extent
      • Duration
      • Fecundity- chance it will produce other pleasures
  • The Principle of Utility
    • Utilitarianism
      • Both Bentham and Mill observed:
        • Pleasure=good. Pain=bad.
      • Hedonic Calculus
        • Purity
        • Remoteness
        • Intensity
        • Certainty
        • Bentham's
        • Extent
        • Duration
        • Fecundity- chance it will produce other pleasures
    • Good things are those which maximize any pleasure, happiness, contentment or welfare.
  • Utilitarians
    • Base their goodness on human experience.
  • Teleological
    • Belief that the rightness of an action, rule or principle is to be judged by its presumed consequences.
  • In nature, things and actions cause pleasure or pain
    • Utility be judged solely on  whether it maximizes those things.
      • An action should directly or indirectly lead to pleasure or happiness in order to maximize happiness in society.

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