year ten mock history revision

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  • Created by: Jemma123
  • Created on: 24-04-16 16:40
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  • U.S SOCIETY
    • consumerism
      • Demand for household goods
        • Hire purchase made it easier to buy things on credit
          • Half of goods sold were paid for by hire purchase
        • the popularity of entertainment  meant more people bought radios
          • Radios sold: 1920- 60,000 1929 - 10 million
        • between 2923-1929 the average wage increased by 8 %
        • Labour saving devices became more popular e.g electric iron, vacuum, washing machine ext...
    • entertainment
      • films became a national  obsession. Cinemas becoming more popular
        • Hollywood became a multi million dollar industry
      • Not everyone could read so the radio became very important to communicate news and give information
        • Popularity of jazz increased so people could listen to it any time they wanted
        • The radio  was able to grow and succeed due to companies paid for advertising
    • Women
      • After WW1 woman were given the vote
      • Women gained a new independence
        • Women wore short skirts, smoked and drank in public
          • However the women were still not as free as the men
        • 8 million were working
          • The number of women working increased by 25%
        • Divorce was made easier, divorce rates doubled as women would not fear their partners as much
    • Prohibition
      • Brewing and selling alcohol was illegal
        • Speakeasies were illegal underground bars
        • Bootleggers made lots of money smuggling alcohol or illegally brewing it
        • This didnt stop alcohol consumption, it just drove it underground
    • Racism
      • The  forty one white controlled state governments feared African Americans
        • Jim crow laws
        • The state government segregated African Americans from most public places
      • Black and immigrant workers received less pay and lived in the worst conditions
      • The KKK was becoming very popular with in 1920 they had 100,000 members
        • Their violence included, burning, branding , lynching, beatings, attacks with acid ect ...
        • 1919 70 black people were lynched by KKK and they were all former soldiers
    • Mass production
      • cultural changes (domestic and leisure )
        • more goods produced meant cost was decreased which meant more sales
      • Cars, radios and hoovers produced in large quantities.
        • Henry Ford develops assembly line, which meant other industries stimulated the products for the car which meant mass production in them too
          • 45 separate operations on assembly line
          • For example: operation 34 was the motor getting its petrol
        • Immigrants  helped with mass production as they wanted money to send home and they often worked harder than the average American and also worked for little money
          • very useful in mass production if one section is slow it takes down the whole assembly line
      • Hire purchase - buy goods over a period of time
    • The new deal
      • Made by president Roosevelt, wanted more Americans to have jobs, so set up alphabet agencies to help
      • 1933 13million unemployed, within 3 years 8 million worked for new deal schemes
      • Opposition to the new deal
        • Republicans thought democrats such as Roosevelt were trying to do too much
          • The government spent too much on alphabet agencies, making taxes higher for the wealthy
            • The rich turned their backs on the government which meant they lost alibis
        • Some of the jobs were pointless e.g leaf sweeping
        • 11/16 of the alphabet agencies were band (supreme courts decision)
  • Brewing and selling alcohol was illegal
    • Speakeasies were illegal underground bars
    • Bootleggers made lots of money smuggling alcohol or illegally brewing it
    • This didnt stop alcohol consumption, it just drove it underground

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