Slides in this set
World War 1
Causes of WW1-
· Nationalism - the belief that your country is better than others.
This meant nations were assertive and aggressive.
· Imperialism - the desire to conquer colonies, especially in Africa.
This brought the powers into conflict - especially Germany, which
wanted an empire, against France and Britain, which both already
· Militarism (Arms Race) - where military concerns influence a
country's policy, especially the attempt to build up a strong army
and navy. This gave the nations the means and the will to make
· Alliances - in 1882, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy formed
the Triple Alliance. Alarmed, France and Britain in 1904, then
Russia in 1907, formed the Triple Entente. Thus Europe was
divided into two armed camps, obliged to help each other if there
was a war.…read more
How did Hitler and the Nazi party consolidate
there power during 1933?
-Enabling Act Act that suspended all power on press freedom and was able to ban political
parties such as the communists. This meant that there was less parties that actively opposed
to the Nazi's and there was more Nazi propaganda. The Enabling Act also gave the Nazi
police to search houses, confiscate property and hold people without trial indefinitely. This
meant that the Nazi's were able to swiftly get rid of political opponents which made it easier
for them to focus on campaigning for the forthcoming election. The Nazi's were the only
party allowed to campaign for the forthcoming election, meaning very few people were
aware of the other parties policies and campaigns. They were also bombarded with Nazi
propaganda which influenced a lot of people to vote for them. On the election day Nazi's
were stationed at Polling areas where they oversaw the votes being made- this intimidated
voters to vote for the Nazi party.
Reichstag Fire- This was an opportunity by the Nazi's to show the Communists in a bad light. The
Nazi's used "evidence" to show that Communist Van der Lubbe had started the fire and this
spread fear around the country of Communists. This event also allowed Hitler to persuade
Hindenburg to pass the Enabling Act.…read more
The Triple Entente: A Background.
· Britain- began to come very concerned about Germany as it was soon beginning to expand it's empire
along the pacific and in Africa. They saw Germany as a rival,. Germany had also passed navy laws in 1898
and 1900 stating they were to build a navy fleet to rival the royal navy. This created a tense and hostel
atmosphere between the two countries. Also Britain had made a deal- known as the treaty of west
minister in 1938- promising to protect Belgium if it were ever attacked!
· .France- In 1870 Prussia had gone to war with France over a dispute about who owned the province of
Alsace Lorraine. The Germans won the war and the French hated the country ever since and were
determined to get revenge. The French also set up a plan called Plan 17 meaning they would charge
straight through Germany through Champagne. The French also started making alliances- first the Duel
Entente with Russia, and then with Britain called the Entenet Cordial. Together the alliances merged to
form the Triple Entente. This forming of alliances gave the impression that the French were preparing for
· Russia: After losing a battle with Japan in 1905 Russia needed to prove itself as a major political power.
Russia also wanted more influence in the Balkans region and wanted to stop Austria- Hungry from
expanding there- this caused even more hostility with Austria Hungry. . Russia were keen to protect Serbia
as they had a similar language and culture and were determined to protect Serbia from Austria Hungry.…read more
The Triple Alliance: A background
· Italy: As it had only been a united country in 1861 Italy were determined to prove itself and
build it's empire, this becoming rivals with France and Britain who had already formed
successful empires. This caused hostility between the countries in Europe. Italy joined The
Triple Alliance, although interestingly wanted Austrian and supported France against
Germany during the two Moroccan crisis f 1906 and 1911.
· Austria- Hungry: The country had been growing very weak in the past few years and wanted
to expand into the Balkans region . It annexed Bosnia in 1908. The Austrians knew that Serbia
was the only country to get in there way of there plans to expand and were determined to
attack Serbia, although knew that powerful Russia would back up Serbia if this were to
happen. They knew they could not defeat Russia unless Germany were to give consent to
· Germany: had begun to make alliances with Austria and Italy causing a division between
countries in Europe. Germany also prepared for a war on two fronts: one with France
attempting to get Alsace and Lorraine back and one with Russia who were backing Serbia
against Austria- Hungry. Germany also had the Schliffean plan in place, meaning it would
attack France by going through the neutral Belgium and defeating the French quickly before
moving onto Russia, whom they assumed would not be ready for war.…read more
It was a perfect democracy- women were given the vote at the age of 20, the same age as men
were. The Bill of Rights gave every German the right to have freedom of speech and religion
and equality under the law. There was an elected president and an elected Reichstag. The
Reichstag made the laws and appointed the government which had to do as the Reichstag
Proportional representation meant that people voted for a party and the party were given that
amount of seats in parliament in accordance to the amount of votes they got. This mean't
that parliament was filled with tiny parties with no power and there were no parties which
could get a majoritory and therefore no government to pass the laws.
Article 48- this meant that in the event of an emergency the president had the power to make
laws up without having to consult the Reichstag. Problems were that it did not state what an
emergency entailed and it was this act that lead Hitler into government through the back
door legally!.…read more