Urban Issues and Challenges Examples

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Urban Issues and Challenges
    • Case Study of a Major City in an LIC/NEE - Rio De Janeiro
      • Opportunities
        • Economic
          • Population
            • Large populations creates opportunities in retail and commercial areas
          • Large Companies
            • Investments from South America and other places create jobs
          • Prospects
            • City provides 6% of all employment in the country
            • One of the highest average income in the country
          • Oil recently discovered off the coast will lead to more development
        • Social
          • Healthcare
            • Even small amounts of medical care in crowded areas makes a big difference
          • Education
            • Encourages local people to volunteer in schools
            • Available grants let children of Rochina go to school
          • Water
            • 7 new treatment works & 300km of new pipes laid in 1998-2014
            • By 2014 95% of the city had mains water
          • Energy
            • new nuclear generator
            • US$2 billion hydro-electric complex
      • Challenges
        • Managing Urban Growth
          • Rochina
            • Steep hill above Copacabana Beach
            • 75,000 people in 2010 but can be up 3x this by now
            • many people improving their homes all the time
          • Favelas
            • Poorly constructed homes
            • Poor access to services
            • Poor health
            • High unemployment and crime
        • Environmental Issues
          • Waste Disposal
            • Waste usually dumped in favelas due to lack of collections
          • Traffic
            • Most congested city in South America
            • Number of cars has risen by 40% in the past decade
        • Water, sanitation & Energy
          • Shortage of electricity, made worse by dangerous illegal hookups
          • 12% of city has no running water
          • Favelas often lack basic sanitation
        • Unemployment and Crime
          • 20% of people in favelas are unemployed and work in informal economy making money where they can
          • Murder, kidnapping, drug trafficking and gang violence
        • Health & Education
          • In 2013 only 55% of the the city had a local health clinic
          • Only half of the kids continue schools past 14 years old
        • Opportunities
          • Economic
            • Population
              • Large populations creates opportunities in retail and commercial areas
            • Large Companies
              • Investments from South America and other places create jobs
            • Prospects
              • City provides 6% of all employment in the country
              • One of the highest average income in the country
            • Oil recently discovered off the coast will lead to more development
          • Social
            • Healthcare
              • Even small amounts of medical care in crowded areas makes a big difference
            • Education
              • Encourages local people to volunteer in schools
              • Available grants let children of Rochina go to school
            • Water
              • 7 new treatment works & 300km of new pipes laid in 1998-2014
              • By 2014 95% of the city had mains water
            • Energy
              • new nuclear generator
              • US$2 billion hydro-electric complex
      • Favela-Barrio Project
        • Plans
          • Day-care centres
          • Adult education classes
          • Addiction support
          • Support locals by buying the land for them
          • Education & training
          • Widened streets
          • Rubbish Collection
          • Wood replaced by bricks
        • Put in place scemes
          • 26,000 inhabitants
          • Cable Cars built to the centre of PAnema (where many work)
          • 100% mortages
          • Police patrols to reduce crime
          • Locals get 1 return ticket each day for free
        • Background Information
          • The project helped 253,000 people between 1995-2008
          • Rio has 600 favelas housing 1 million people (1/5 of the population)
    • Case Study of a Major UK City - Birmingham
      • Oppurtinities
        • Environmental
          • Over 500 parks
          • Botanical Gardens
          • One of the greenest cities in Europe
          • Tree planting
          • Urban Greening
            • Tree planting
            • Green roofs and walls
            • Make the city healthier and happier
            • Blue corridors alongside canals and rivers
            • Encourage businesses
            • Encouraging cycling and walking with better facilities
        • Social
          • Large population of immigrants creates a range of cultural events and international cuisine
          • Recreation & Entertainment
            • Museums and galleries
            • Regenerated canal area is a cafe and bar focal point
            • Birmingham Hippodrome is the most visited theatre in UK
            • Bullring Shopping Centre, most Michelin-starred restaurants outside London
      • Challenges
        • Oppurtinities
          • Environmental
            • Over 500 parks
            • Botanical Gardens
            • One of the greenest cities in Europe
            • Tree planting
            • Urban Greening
              • Tree planting
              • Green roofs and walls
              • Make the city healthier and happier
              • Blue corridors alongside canals and rivers
              • Encourage businesses
              • Encouraging cycling and walking with better facilities
          • Social
            • Large population of immigrants creates a range of cultural events and international cuisine
            • Recreation & Entertainment
              • Museums and galleries
              • Regenerated canal area is a cafe and bar focal point
              • Birmingham Hippodrome is the most visited theatre in UK
              • Bullring Shopping Centre, most Michelin-starred restaurants outside London
        • Enviromental
          • Waste Disposal
            • 2015 only 30% recycled
            • Working on improvements
            • Energy recovery - incinerate 350,000 tonnes each year for elecricity
          • Dereliction
            • Declining industries and counter-urbanisation leaves empty buildings
            • Spiral of decline
        • Social & Economic
          • Some slum areas have unequal access to good housing, education, healthcare and employment
          • In 2015, Birmingham was third most deprived UK city
      • Longbridge Regeneration Project
        • Why
          • Decline
            • Competition in the 1970s from abroad caused a gradual complete shut down of industry
            • Closed in 2005
          • Birmingham was known as "The city of a thousand trades" due to the manufacturing industry
        • Plan
          • 2000 new homes
          • 1000 new jobs
          • £70 million town centre
          • Bourneville College, £66 million further education facility

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Urban environments resources »