Population CASE STUDIES

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  • Created by: selene98
  • Created on: 08-05-15 08:18
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  • Managing populations
    • UK - Ageing population
      • Facts
        • 16% of popn over 65s; ageing population
        • Expected to rise to 25% by 2041
        • Increasing life expectancy: 81.3 women, 76.9 men
        • Baby booms in 1940s and 1960s
        • Falling birth rates; fewer young people
      • Problems
        • Pressure on pension system
          • Not enough in working-age group to pay taxes for pensions
            • today 60% working age paying for 19% retired. 2030, 56% WA, 27% RA
        • Increased elderly people living in poverty
          • Little/No savings and low pensions
        • Pressure on health services
          • Old people need more medical attention
      • Strategies to manage
        • Increased retirement age. 65 for men and 60 for women
          • People will have to work for longer, increasing size of working-age
        • Encouraged immigration of working-age people
          • In 2004, 80% of immigrants from new EU countries, e.g. Poland, were under 34
        • Encouraging birth rates
          • Women won't lose out on pensions if they take career breaks fro children
      • To achieve sustainable development
        • Increasing retirement age
          • Helps because it doesn't increase the population
            • But more jobs needed as people work for longer
          • Only works if they are sustainable jobs, e.g. wind-turbine powers
        • Allowing immigration
          • Only sustainable if people are met in a sustainable way
        • Encouraging more children
          • Increases the population of a country
      • Pyramid
    • Uganda - Youthful Population
      • Facts
        • In 2007, 50% under 25 and 3% 65 and over
        • High birth and fertility rates. 48 babies born for every 1000
        • Low life expectancy; of 52 years, making youthful proportion larger
      • Pyramid
      • Problems
        • Pressure on health services
          • 6000 women die at childbirth
          • HIV/AIDS  spreads from mother to child
        • High unemployment
          • Not enough jobs when youthful popn reaches working age
      • Strategies to manage
        • Encouraging use of contraceptives and family planning
          • Less than 25% amongst married women
          • New policies encourage this
          • Many don't have access to birth control
          • Since 1992, popn increase, therefore it isn't working
        • Policies to combat HIV/AIDS
          • Education programme called ABC Approach
          • HIV infections fell from 15% to 5% in 2001
      • To achieve sustainable development
        • Encouraging contraception
          • Reduces BR and overpopulation
          • The country can focus on sustainable development
        • Reducing the spread of diseases
          • Relieves pressure on health services
          • Frees up money to be used elsewhere. e.g. developing sustainable irrigation techniques for rural farming communities

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