Multiculturalism types

Same Key as my other one :)

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  • Created by: Tori
  • Created on: 06-05-13 21:06
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  • Types of Multiculturalism
    • Pluralist Multiculturalism
      • Particularist
        • Emphasise difference of groups against dominant ones
        • Cultural diversity - unequal power: groups enjoy priviledges otherwise denied to other groups because aligned to needs and interests of minorities
        • Positive Discrimination (see previous mind map)
      • Dialectic
        • MOSAIC approach that recognises the complexity of human nature as a basis for politics of recognition: allows individualism within the culture
        • Parekh discusses how cultural diversity is a reflection of didactic or interplay b/t human nature and culture
        • Limit/tension: recognise culture only expresses part of what it means to be truly human
      • Value pluralism
        • Ideologies compete but all ideologies and conceptions are equally legit.
        • Support personal freedom
        • Isaiah Berlin: 'live and let live' - a politics of indifference
        • Tension: Berlin only viewed that societies respecting individual liberty would value pluralism; failed to demonstrate how illiberal and liberal cultures would coincide
    • Cosmopolitan Multiculturalism
      • Pick and Mix
        • People choose cultural traits and reject unwanted ones
        • Encourages cultural exchange and mixing so endorses cultural diversity and identity politics (cultures learn from each other)
        • Waldron: 'pick n mix' model
        • Limit: cosmo = global consciousness but multicult is specific needs and interests of distinctive cultural groups
      • Fluid and Changing
        • Changing to social circumstances and personal needs
        • Waldron: 'melting-pot' society
        • Limit: Not fied historically embedded as particularist/pluralist argue
    • Liberalism and Multiculturalism
      • Commitment to Toleration: uphold freedom of choice in the moral sphere
      • Lib is a neutral ideology, meant to be 'difference-blind' regarding religion, race etc
      • Believe people should be evaluated as morally autonomous beings
      • But Toleration is not morally neutral as only extends to the Tolerant: limited endorsement of cultural diversity. Individual rights and freedom before cultural rights of group
        • i.e. female circumcision and dress codes not condoned
      • No like 'deep diversity' as must condone personal freedom and autonomy
      • Distinction between public and private sphere: private is realm of freedom; public is shared civil allegiences. CITIZENSHIP should be divorced from cultural identity
        • France and hijab
    • Compatible with Civic nationalism: 'hyphenated nationality' - USA and African-Americans etc
  • Liberalism and Multiculturalism
    • Commitment to Toleration: uphold freedom of choice in the moral sphere
    • Lib is a neutral ideology, meant to be 'difference-blind' regarding religion, race etc
    • Believe people should be evaluated as morally autonomous beings
    • But Toleration is not morally neutral as only extends to the Tolerant: limited endorsement of cultural diversity. Individual rights and freedom before cultural rights of group
      • i.e. female circumcision and dress codes not condoned
    • No like 'deep diversity' as must condone personal freedom and autonomy
    • Distinction between public and private sphere: private is realm of freedom; public is shared civil allegiences. CITIZENSHIP should be divorced from cultural identity
      • France and hijab

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