Alexander III 'The Great Reaction'

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  • Created on: 11-05-13 10:56
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  • Alexander III 'The Great Reaction'
    • Alexander III 1881-1917
      • Political Reforms
        • Replaced his father's liberal ministers with Pobedonostsev
        • Manifesto April 1881
        • Absolute political power in the hands of the Tsar
        • Statue of Security- state could arrest and put on trial anyone without a jury
        • Press freedom restricted and foreign books and newspapers were restricted by the Okharana
        • 1889-  all Russian   universities closed because of student demonstrations
      • Financial Reforms
        • In 1881 Russia had a backward economy based on agriculture
        • Finance Ministers
          • Nikolai Bunge - 1882, he reduced tax on peasants, established the Peasant Land Bank
          • Ivan Vyshnegradsky- 1889, financial incentives for peasants to move to Siberia (more land) and began to finance Russia's economic development with foreign investment
      • Russification
        • Ruled over a multi-ethnic empire
        • Made everyone speak one language and follow the Orthodox   Religion.
        • 1885- Made Russian the official language of the empire
        • All official documents had to be in Russian
        • All education had to be taught in Russian
        • Large Jew communities were persecuted
      • Increased Land Control
        • 1889- Land Captains to enforce local control
        • 1890- Land Captains now part of the zemstvas (elected local government)
        • Pobedonostsev put all zemstva primary schools under church control and banned any peasant and workers children from entering secondary education
    • Alexander II 1855-1881
      • Assassinatid by the group 'Peoples Will'
      • 1861- emancipation of the serfs
  • Financial Reforms
    • In 1881 Russia had a backward economy based on agriculture
    • Finance Ministers
      • Nikolai Bunge - 1882, he reduced tax on peasants, established the Peasant Land Bank
      • Ivan Vyshnegradsky- 1889, financial incentives for peasants to move to Siberia (more land) and began to finance Russia's economic development with foreign investment

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