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TOPIC TWO : `THE TSAR REFORMER' ­ ALEXANDER II
(1855-81)
RETURN TO REPRESSION, 1866-81
Event Date
Assassination attempt on Alexander II 1866
Second assassination attempt 1867
Duma established in towns 1870
First women admitted to Moscow University 1872
Introduction of Conscription 1874
Pobedonostsev fears constitution in letter to Alexander III…

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EDUCATION

Reactionaries feared education allowed influx of foreign ideas and criticism of autocracy ­
needed to be controlled ­ educated people likely to be rebellious.
1866 reactionary Count Dmitrii Tolstoy put in charge of education
Zemstva's powers over education reduced, Church restored to control over rural schools,
gymnazii ordered to…

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governor-generals appointed (1879) with emergency powers to prosecute in military courts
and exile political offenders.



ALEXANDER'S SWING BACK TO REFORM

1879 / 1880 ­ more assassination attempts on tsar
Alexander shocked ­ established commission under General Loris-Melikov to decide how to
reduce revolutionary activity. Laver comments how "when he was…

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Boris Chicherin, a liberal(1828-1904) wrote : "Alexander set out to remodel completely the
enormous state which had been entrusted to his care; to abolish an age-old order founded
on slavery; to replace it with civic decency and freedom; to establish justice in a country
which had never known the meaning…

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