To what extent is feminism a single doctrine?

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 09-04-16 20:40
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  • To what extent is feminism a single doctrine?
    • Redefining the Political
      • Liberal
        • Object to restrictions in public sphere
        • Fear politicising private sphere bc should be a realm of individual thought and freedom
      • Socialist
        • Confinement of woman to private sphere serves economic interests of capitalism
        • Reserve army of labour
        • Capitalism needs to be overthrown to break up the public/private divide
      • Radical
        • 'The personal is the political'
        • Much of oppression originates in the family
        • Solved through increase in symmetrical families with shared responsibilties
        • Or solved through transfer of private life responsibilities to the state e.g. child rearing helped by welfare support and creches at work
      • All
        • Sexual inequality preserved bc sexual division of labour seen as natural not political
        • Public sphere e.g politics, art, media been reserved to men and private sphere e.g. domestic responsibilities to women
          • Women excluded from politics
        • United in desire to challenge divide between 'public man' and 'private woman' (Elshtain
    • Patriarchy
      • All
        • Advanced theory of 'sexual politics' similar to 'class politics'
        • 'Rule by the father' male domination of women
        • Form of oppression, but largely ignored in modern conventional thought
        • Millet, 'patriarchal govt' is institution where 'half the populace which is female is controlled by that half which is male'
        • Agree patriarchy is broad
          • Western: have more rights, suffrage, legalisation of abortion
          • Developing: Genital mutilation, dowry
      • Liberal
        • Use term to describe unequal distribution of rights in society
        • Wollstonecraft insisted on education
        • Rooted in individualism
        • Face of patriarchy is underrepresentation of women in senior positions in political and public life
        • Economic equality key to all forms of women's liberation
        • Mill equal citizenship and rights
      • Radical
        • In all walks of life, woman are portrayed as inferior to men
        • Systematic and institutionalised form of male domination rooted in the family
        • Patriarchal values pervade culture, philosophy, morality and religion of society
      • Socialist
        • Patriarchy operates in tandem with capitalism, gender and class oppression linked
        • Engels the 'bourgeois family', men wish to pass on property to sons
    • Conclusion
      • Fragments united by core beliefs
    • Sex and Gender
      • Post-Modern
        • Whether differences are natural
        • Some women are infertile, some people have both male and female characteristics, transgender
        • Sex and gender aren't two opposites
      • Egalitarian
        • Differences are minor, should bear no role in women's position and opportunities
        • Androgyny 'personhood' Wollstonecraft
        • Women's capacity to bear children does not determine their social position, domestic responsibilities culturally constructed
      • Difference
        • Social and cultural characteristics reflection of deeper biological differences are important
        • Pro-Woman, characteristics such as empathetic have been viewed as weaker and should be celebrated by society
        • Cultural feminism e.g. emphasis on women's literature, craft, art and experiences unique to women e.g. menstruation
        • Promotes feminity
        • Different to E and PM mainstream feminism
      • Sex is biological characteristics, gender is roles society ascribes to women and men
  • Sex and Gender
    • Post-Modern
      • Whether differences are natural
      • Some women are infertile, some people have both male and female characteristics, transgender
      • Sex and gender aren't two opposites
    • Egalitarian
      • Differences are minor, should bear no role in women's position and opportunities
      • Androgyny 'personhood' Wollstonecraft
      • Women's capacity to bear children does not determine their social position, domestic responsibilities culturally constructed
    • Difference
      • Social and cultural characteristics reflection of deeper biological differences are important
      • Pro-Woman, characteristics such as empathetic have been viewed as weaker and should be celebrated by society
      • Cultural feminism e.g. emphasis on women's literature, craft, art and experiences unique to women e.g. menstruation
      • Promotes feminity
      • Different to E and PM mainstream feminism
    • Sex is biological characteristics, gender is roles society ascribes to women and men

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