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Origins & Development
While the term `feminist' may be of recent origin, and indeed an organised women's
movement only in existence the last 200 years or so, feminist views can be traced back as
far as ancient civilisations such as China and found in the political thought of such…

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feminists for primarily focusing its campaigning to tackling the oppression mainly faced by
middle class women, who made up the majority of the social base in the organisation and
ignoring the struggles that largely affected working class women. This could have been down
to Emmeline Pankhurst's otherwise conservative politics and…

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Unfortunately, as with firstwave feminism there was two processes that followed the
resurgence of the secondwave. The first was deradicalisation, whereby there was a
drawback from previously uncompromised radical positions that had been widespread
earlier in the movement such as separatism and lesbian feminism. This process led the
adoption of…

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Prior to the emergence and huge popularity of radical feminism in the 1960s, feminism had
been offsets of traditional ideologies such as liberalism and socialism.
Radical feminism changed this by proclaiming gender as the issue of central political
importance, shedding the established influence of conventional ideologies that were seen as…

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life, sexual conduct which is dominated recently by the issue of consent, raising questions
such as and when is it necessary and does the form of relationship between the people
involved effect the issue and other aspects of private life like relationships between partners
generally and the distribution of housework.…

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the family, thereby employing the term patriarchy to refer to wider male dominance as a
whole, both in and outside of the family. According to Kate Millet patriarchy is a hierarchical
society based on age and sexual oppression, where two principles exist: `male shall
dominate female, older male shall dominate…

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economic system and therefore patriarchy will wither away following the overthrow of
capitalism by the working class. Radical feminists place huge stress on patriarchy as a
theoretical concept, believing it to be a pattern of male domination and female subordination
which is mirrored in public life from its origins within…

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tend to be adopt the extremes of gender stereotypes such as long hair and therefore some
feminists view this as a barrier to the achievement of an androgynous society.

Establishing this concept of the difference between sex and gender was crucial in galvanising
feminist thought because it demonstrated that not…

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the pursuit of equality is a pursuit, for them, to `be what men are' or `to have what men
have', something which would require them to adopt characteristics they may not want that
epitomise male society such as aggressive competitiveness.

This would be at odds with some feminists who argue…

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Conventional feminism however sees these movements as a contradiction in terms, reflecting
the belief that the public/private divide was beneficial for women, thus making women
accept and contribute to their own oppression.

Liberal feminism
Early feminism reflected the views that had grown out of the Enlightenment Era and in


Old Sir


A well-organised and comprehensive set of notes. In order to prepare for discussions aimed at developing assessment objective 2, (evaluation and analysis) students might want to research case studies involving feminist politicians and the actions of parties and legislatures aimed at facilitating and promoting proportionate female involvement.

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