The Learning Approach - Smoking

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  • The Learning Approach - Smoking
    • Evaluation
      • Social learning influences supported by evidence - peer group influences and family influences
      • Role of conditioned cues supported by Thewissen et al
      • Implications for treatment - sue exposure therapy
      • Botvin - effective forms of smoking prevention programme should target beginner adolescents because of need to resist pressure
      • Gender differences/bias?
    • AO1
      • Initiation - availability of role models in home and peer group determines who will smoke. Popularity among peers may serves as positive reinforcer in initiation of smoking
      • Maintenance- smoking-related sensory cues become conditioned stimuli and activate the same brain areas
      • Relapse - made difficult because of presence of conditioned cues and low refusal self-efficacy


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