LEARNING EXPLANATIONS OF GAMBLING
- operant conditioning
- gambling slot machines cna become addictive because of the physiological, psychological, social and financial rewards.
- gamblers not always rational with their thinking and greater weight can be given to the experience of winning
- Intermittent Reinforcement
- People continue to gamble because of the intermittent reinforcement that is characteristic of most types of gambling. get used to long periods with no rewards.
- Social Approval
- peers and family members of problem gamblers more likely to approve; continued more so than other respondents.
- Conditioned Cues
- Addicts associate other stimuli with their gambling behaviour. these act as triggers. coming into contact with these cues will trigger relapse.
- Approach-Avoidance Conflict
- gambling has both positive and negative consequences, therefore motivated to approach and to avoid situations where gambling is involved. motivation therefore fluctuates between wanting to gamble and wanting to stop.
- Can't explain all forms of gambling
- some forms of gambling have a short lived period between behaviour and consequence; others have a much longer period between bet and outcome, less to do with chance and more to do with skill.
- Different Pathways
- Different pathways for gambling that predict the likelihood of treatment being successful.