development of government under henry

changing mechanincs of H's tudor government

1536 ->

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  • The King
    • Royal Court and Household
      • private servants
        • 1939 Privy Council  19ish members. promoted by Crom. delegation and bureaucracy. continued in M + E's reigns
          • controlled patronage
          • advised the ruler and administered the realm. appointed magistrates and often acted as JPs
          • managed national defence and fortifications
          • controlled finances. enforced law and order
          • 'managed' parliament
          • Court of chancery recorded king's decisions
            • Royal Court and Household
              • private servants
                • 1939 Privy Council  19ish members. promoted by Crom. delegation and bureaucracy. continued in M + E's reigns
                  • controlled patronage
                  • advised the ruler and administered the realm. appointed magistrates and often acted as JPs
                  • managed national defence and fortifications
                  • controlled finances. enforced law and order
                  • 'managed' parliament
                  • Court of chancery recorded king's decisions
                  • gentlemen of the privy chamber "knightly estate" - patronage
                    • faction  & patronage
                      • Royal office holders. day to day management. main = Lord Chamberlain & Lord of Privy seal. H could devise new offices
                • Royal office holders. day to day management. main = Lord Chamberlain & Lord of Privy seal. H could devise new offices
                • Parliament
                  • Common Law Courts: King's Bench + Common Pleas (London)
                    • County Assizes. Judges went on circuit.
                      • Supported by JPs 1/4 sessions
                        • JPs. Unpaid but good rep. self- interest. enforced law made in Parliament
                          • Prerogative courts. county councils (council of the Marches, council of the  North), star chamber
                            • wardens
                            • sheriffs
                              • became irrelevant in place cos of JPs
                            • keepers
                      • later became irrelevant. laziness and corruption
          • gentlemen of the privy chamber "knightly estate" - patronage
            • faction  & patronage
          • Parliament
            • Common Law Courts: King's Bench + Common Pleas (London)
              • County Assizes. Judges went on circuit.
                • Supported by JPs 1/4 sessions
                  • JPs. Unpaid but good rep. self- interest. enforced law made in Parliament
                    • Prerogative courts. county councils (council of the Marches, council of the  North), star chamber
                      • wardens
                      • sheriffs
                        • became irrelevant in place cos of JPs
                      • keepers
                • later became irrelevant. laziness and corruption
        • The church
          • needed as allies. contact w/locals. Oath to King + importance o patronage
            • resentment of nobility due to figures such as Wolsey.
        • The Royal  Prerogative (feudal lord, military leader and justice)
          • attempts to extend Royal authority. Crown (control of appointments)
            • landed gentry such as Percy's and Dakers made difficult for crown to exert authority. military power
              • Percy's fall after POG. H = lands
                • install Tunstall, Bishop of Durham as Lord President of Council of North
                  • admin, tax, justice, religion
                    • v.popular eventually cos = fairer. lots o people wanted to join council
                  • Wakefield plot 1541 tried to overthrow, BUT v unsuccessful
              • Bisop Lee  = President of Welsh Council
                • acts for laws and Justice. British law in Wales + right to send MPs from Wales to Parliament
                • admin, tax, justice, religion
                  • v.popular eventually cos = fairer. lots o people wanted to join council
                • install Tunstall, Bishop of Durham as Lord President of Council of North
                  • Wakefield plot 1541 tried to overthrow, BUT v unsuccessful
          • End of Liberties and Franchises (gave magnates ability to pass own laws)
            • attempts to extend Royal authority. Crown (control of appointments)
              • landed gentry such as Percy's and Dakers made difficult for crown to exert authority. military power
                • Percy's fall after POG. H = lands
                  • Bisop Lee  = President of Welsh Council
                    • acts for laws and Justice. British law in Wales + right to send MPs from Wales to Parliament

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