The Interregnum 1649-1660

A small mindmap laying out the main events and dates of the Interregnum 1649-1660. 

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  • The Interregnum 1649-1660
    • Rump Parliament 49-53
      • -Executed the King.
        • 1649- 'That man of blood'
      • Illegal Parlia
      • Abolished Monarchy + House of Lords
      • Not  Revolutionary- Conservative.
      • Council of State (40 members)
      • Cromwell + Ireland
      • War against Dutch
      • Closed by Cromwell 1653, seen as self seeking.
    • Protectorate
      • Instrument of Government 1653
        • Cromwell as Lord Protector
      • 1st Protectorate Parlia 1654-5
        • Dissolved after 5 lunar months with no acts passed
      • 2nd Protectorate Parlia 1656-8
        • Opposition to M G'S when army MP'S introduce bill to legalize decimation tax on suspected royalists.
    • Rule of Major G'S 1655-56
      • Raise new county militias made of manners among the people.
      • Tried to suppress certain sports +local gatherings  while controlling or closing alehouses.
      • Certainly unpopular
    • Humble Pet + Advice  March 1657
      • Cromwell become King to bring back Monarchy
      • Control Cromwell more and parlia hold more power.
    • Death of Cromwell 1658
      • Sparked collapse of interregnum
    • Richard Cromwell 1658-59
      • Lacked his fathers experience + army influence
      • Army forced him to resign
    • Return of Monarchy 1660
      • Declaration of Breda 1660
        • General Pardon- LIBERTY FOR 'TENDER CONSCIENCES'
      • Long parlia recalled + agreed to restore Charles II.
        • Only alternative to civil war or military dictatorship

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