Republican Rule

HideShow resource information
Preview of Republican Rule

First 296 words of the document:

Republican Rule
Rump Background
The army saw the Rump as a temporary parliament from 16491660
there were continuous attempts to agree on a permeant constitution to
replace the monarchy.
"Lord Protector" died with Cromwell.
The government became the council of state which was equal to the Privy
The council of state was first appointment by parliament
16531658 was the period of the protector (Cromwell being lord
This means an interruption in the normal rule of the country
Cromwell's problem was that he wanted to establish a Civilian
government and he was never able to resolve the dilemma that whatever
type of constitution was decided upon, its security could only be governed
by the army.
This period was also called the Commonwealth
This idea was first developed under Elizabeth I. Rested on the idea that
those people who belonged to a nation/state had similar political interest.
The commonwealth was established by an act of parliament in May 1649.
Supplemented by other laws (January 1650 ­Engagement act All adult
males had to declare loyalty to the English commonwealth) (Treason act
1650 Made it illegal to deny the authority of the new regime, which was
vested in the rump.)
Historical Views
Manning (Marxist) ­ argued that the revolution to overthrow #Charles
was by the middle class to overthrow the federal system. A lot of the
people who intervened were the middle class backgrounds.
Barry Coward argued that there was no sustainable support for the
revolution in 1649 and those who wanted Charles dead were actually in a
small minority. Charles regained his popularity in the 1640's.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

John Morrill argues with Coward the minority carried the revolution, but
it was still a revolutionary moment in English History. Key institutions on
which political and social order was found was abolished ­ e.g. Monarchy,
house of Lourdes
Given that the rump was established by Prides Purge synonymous with
regicide (so therefore the army was too) some members of the rump were
antagonistic like Arthur Haseling (Republican).…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Religious reforms aimed at creating a godly nation
Rump was split evenly between Independents and Presbyterians and in
August 1649 Presbyterians was confirmed as the state religion of England
and parliament encouraged it. The majority of MP's were more concerned
about imposing "godliness" (a code of moral conduct) on the
commonwealth so that when the Christ came again (which many religious
groups such as the fifth monarchist believed was imminent in 1666).…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Irish Catholics ­ January 1650 called them
the antichrist and would be met with the "wrath of God".
Cromwell's Irish campaign was brutal, Wexford and Drogheda (Famous in
Irish history) autumn 1649. Followed by massacres of Irish soldiers and
Controversy by historians
Unarguable that this was a turning point in Irish history (suppression of
Ireland) 40,000 catholic families were dispossessed of their lands. 1641
60% of land in Ireland was owned by Catholics but in 1660 only 20% of
land was owned by Catholics.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

On the 20th April 1653, Cromwell marched into parliament at Westminster
and when they voted to continue the rump for three more years he
brought troops in to forcibly remove the MP's. Cromwell faced the
accusation that he had taken the country by force. It was most likely that
Cromwell dissolved the parliament because he believed he had no other
choice. It is noticeable that Cromwell acted as Charles had done when he
tried to arrest 5 MP's.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »