The Eve of the reformation in England

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  • The Eve of the Reformation
    • The nature of Tudor Monarchy
      • The King way appointed by God
      • The spiritual well-being of the subjects was in the hands of the Catholic Church.
      • The King was expected to seek advice form Councillors
      • The King was expected to pay for the ordinary expenditures of government.
      • The King could only secure laws through parliament
    • The country was ruled by common law
      • Common law: legal rights which had been established over many years by custom and practice but not written down.
    • Church and State
      • The Church in England was part of the Catholic Church
      • England was part of the Christendom
      • The church abided by canon law.
        • Canon law was carried out by the Ordinaries.
        • Mainly concerned with heresy
      • Archdiocese
        • Diocese
          • Parish
      • The lesser clergy were not always educated.
        • Guilty of pluralism.
      • Through parishes the Church could reach the commonality.
      • Tithes
        • 10% tax on agricultural produce and income.
    • Cardinal  Wolsey
      • 2nd most powerful person in the English government.
      • Managed foreign policy.
      • Lord Chancellor
        • Controlled the legal system.
      • Attempted to restrict the power of the nobility in influencing the King
        • The Eltham ordinances, 1526.
      • Failed to procure a divorce for Henry.
    • Henry 's position at the start of 1529.
      • High standard of living for many.
      • No male heir.
        • in 1525 France question the legitimacy of Mary
        • A number of  males could claim a right to the throne if Henry didn't produce an heir.
        • Had an illegitimate son.
      • Anne Boleyn was maneuvered  into Henry's path.

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