The dissolution of parliament in 1629 and the reasons for Personal Rule

  • Created by: Lizz2002
  • Created on: 03-11-20 13:26
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  • Reasons from Personal Rule
    • Charles dissolves parliament in 1629 and rules alone for eleven years. The long period meant parliament worried that England would become an absolute monarchy
    • Petition of Right
      • Charles resented that parliament was trying to limit his prerogative rights
      • His rights to raise taxes, and impose martial law / billet troops were curbed
    • Murder of Buckingham
      • alienated Charles from parliament as they celebrated his friend's death
      • allowed Charles to be closer to his wife, who favoured rule without parliament
    • 1629 Parliament session
      • issue of tonnage and poundage and impositions had not been settled
        • Charles arrested merchants who refused to pay. Caused a divide as parliament argued that this was illegal
      • Arminians was still a large issue
      • Three Propositions in 1629
        • The speaker was held down and parliament passed these resolutions. The act of violence forced Charles to dissolve them
        • Parliament feared that parliament is about to be closed with nothing being  resolved
        • declared that anyone who collect/paid tonnage + poundage, and brought in religious innovations was a traitor
        • Charles believed that parliament was causing divisions


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