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Page 1

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Personal rule
Was the failure of personal rule inevitable?

Three Resolutions
Treason to collect T&P
Treason to pay T&P
Treason if Armenian or Popish Catholic

Charles' reasons for ruling without parliament
They want too much power ­ taking away his
They weren't sticking to what they said they were going…

Page 2

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Defendants could be questioned in William Laud makes a lot of decisions ­ more
private control than Charles
Court was able to inflict fines, Council of the North only dealt with Northern
imprisonment & corporal punishment families
Out of public eye ­ can's damage his
Govt. relied on unpaid officials…

Page 3

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1628, loyal supporter of Charles I
1629, Lord president of the council of the north
1631, Lord deputy of Ireland
Ruthless efficiency & effective authoritarian govt.

What was `thorough' and why did it cause so much opposition?
Govt. looked closely at the actions of the officials
Held them responsible for…

Page 4

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Catholic Irish, Old English & New English all taxed the same ­ all `belong' to the King
Old English very angry ­ had own personal slave trade
Made a big profit for himself

Doesn't cause personal rule to fail ­ in Ireland

But scared it could happen in England too…

Page 5

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Threw them in jail
Finally, Beckington submitted to uniformity

Effects on Personal Rule
Opposition to Charles' policies
Didn't necessarily need parliament
Tried to get rid of Laud
Religion

Ship money, 1637
Opponents of Charles' finance searched for a case which tested its legality
John Hampden
Resistance encouraged by Lord Saye…

Page 6

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Many hoped to convert England to Presbyterian

Ireland
Mainly Catholic
Privy council & parliament answerable to English privy council
Lord Deputy of Ireland ruled like a viceroy
In the name of the King of England

England
Mainly Anglican
Catholics in North & Midlands
Many Puritans ­ East Anglia, Somerset
Dominant…

Page 7

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Private gifts & dwindling ship money
Lack of communication with local parliament ­ started to stop working

King's mistakes
Frighten Scots with Spanish foreign powers
Catholic army provoke open rebellion
Spain's army marched from port to port across Southern England

Unpopularity of war
Leading Puritans ­ Lord Saye & Sele…

Page 8

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Desertion
Covenanters were cooperating with opponents of Personal Rule in Parliament
24th Sept 1640 ­ Council of Peers ­ call Parliament
21st Oct 1640 ­ Treaty of Ripon ­ pay Scots £850 a day, called P, Scots keep Newcastle
Nov 1640 ­ Charles called Long Parliament






What caused Civil War?…

Page 9

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Group of army & King plotting coup d'etat
Angered by P's treatment of King
Planned army south to London ­ free S & dissolve P
Tower well defended ­ failed
S life now in King's hand

Why did the King sign S's death warrant?
Greatest sin of his life
Signed…

Page 10

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Why did the Irish Rebellion increase chances of civ war
C wouldn't have wanted to give up army
P going too far ­ join C ­ sympathetic
G Remonstrance could backfire on Pym

How did the creation & publication of G Remonstrance push K & P towards civ war?
Grand…

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