The differences between New and Old labour

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  • The three differences between New and Old labour
    • attitudes towards crime prevention
      • Old Labours
        • more compassionate  ;looking at the sociological  influence behind the crime (and the economics factors which may result in crime tendencies as well)
      • New Labour
        • having a heavier conservative influence than the "Old", though
          • dedication to reducing anti-social behaviour
            • can be seen through acts such as the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act, which introduced Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs).
          • Blair's insistence that he was "tough on crime"
            • Yvette Cooper as well
            • in comparison to the criminals as victims of Thatcherism,
            • prison  population in 2005 rose to over 76,000, mostly due to the increasing length of sentences.
    • economic approach
      • New Labour
        • held a more prudent approach
          • encouraged a ‘Tax and Spend’ policy in order to redistribute wealth through high taxation and increased government spending
            • Unlike the Old labour, they do not stress the idea of public owner ship; appealed to a wider range of voters, in particular the middle classes.
          • arguing that it was possible to maintain the efficiency of capitalism while achieving the aims of socialism that were key to keeping Labour’s working class base.
            • economic decisions were made that would maintain the party’s socialist roots
              • such as Working Tax Credit, and Child Tax Credit
      • Old Labour
        • embraced the idea of public ownership
    • Privatisation
      • Old labours
      • New Labours
        • Blair’s Private finance initiative (PFI)
          • creating “public–private partnerships”  by funding public infrastructure projects with private capital
            • London Underground, the NHS and schools
              • these policies raised money in the short-term without the need for higher taxes
                • New Labour presented themselves as a “sensible”, pragmatic party in contrast to Old Labour’s dogmatic, ideologically-driven ways
                  • Aiming to build a practical, prosperous society;  condemned Foot’s Labour as “stubborn” and “old-fashioned” through their insistence that nationalisation and equality of outcome


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