Labour & Tory party ideologies

Guide to the Labour & Tory parties Ideologies 

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Old Labour
Old Labour was prominent until the 1980s when the Labour party spent the whole decade as
opposition. They have a number of fundamental principles
Richer in society tended to want lower taxes, and protect private property. The poorer in society
tended to want better working conditions, better equality and sympathetic industrial relations.
These were in conflict. Old Labour always supported the latter and adopted a "class position" though
throughout the century the number of working class decreased dramatically so while still being a
working class party represented the views of the wider interest of other people
This was a key policy for old Labour. To redistribute wealth from the richest in society to the poorest.
They also supported equal rights for all such as women's rights and minority ethnic groups and those
who are economically deprived. The Labour party also pursued the welfare state with the principle
that all should contribute to the country to pay for the NHS, pensions and other services
Social justice
This is the idea that all who are deprived through no fault of their own and some have become rich
through inheritance. Here there is a case for redistribute of wealth. Though some poor do become
rich through hard work and effort and some do not ever try to improve their situation
Equality of opportunity
Socialists have always heralded a view that the most deprived get less opportunities than the more
well off in society. It is believed that there is a generalised discrimination against those who come
from poorer backgrounds. In fields like higher education there is a certain degree of subtle
class-based bias. Middle class people seem to have much better opportunities than lower classes.
Labour has tried to improve this through laws and positive discrimination
Common Ownership
This is the idea that everything is owned by everyone. This was seen as a Christian principle as Jesus
distributed stuff out. There were also a number of movements in which people seized land to
redistribute to everyone. In 1918 a clause in Labours constitution stated a nationalisation of major
industries which did happen but were then privatised by the Thatcher government. Recently Labour
has accepted that there should be some common ownership but most individuals wanted their own
control over property and other stuff.

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Thatcherism and New right Conservatism
Thatcherism or New right Convertism was a new type of Convertism based on the ideas of the leader
of the Tory Party Margret Thatcher.
A key belief of the New right was the belief that there was too much regulation and state
interference of the economy and industry. The key idea of this was the Privatisation of industry. The
idea behind this was to create competition and investment.…read more

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After the Defeats and the time in opposition to Mrs Thatcher a new breed of Labour activists began
to emerge. They believed in the "Third Way." Their policies were not traditional Labour but kept to
their values. But instead something in between Thatcherism and Traditional Labour.
New Labour had abandoned the idea of wealth redistribution and instead made an attack on poverty
especially child poverty.…read more

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Constitutional reform
In 1997 Labour introduced major constitutional reform. Examples of this include Devolution, Freedom
of Information, and the idea of electoral reform among others. Though Labours support for this
waived throughout its 3 terms. However in 2010 the party began renewed interest in the reform of
the HoL and electoral system.
All 3 Labour governments have refused to hold a referendum on either joining or leaving the EU or
joining the single currency.…read more

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The Tory's believe there is too much government interfering with businesses, industry and in
people's lives. They blame the EU as the largest culprit of this.
Reduce Taxation where possible
Modern Tories retain this historic policy but accept that due to the large government debt there is a
need to hold tax cuts until the government debt is under control. They did however do a deal with
the Lib Dems to lift those earning under £10,000 out of having to pay tax.…read more

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Academies which allows schools to break free of local council control.
Traditional conservatives have believed that Environment should not be the biggest priority and that
there should be no over regulation. However Cameron believes it should be a top priority to protect
the environment and prepare against climate change. He has also made tougher climate change
targets than any other party.
Law and Order
Cameron's followers have taken a much softer approach than traditional conservatives.…read more

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Old Sir

This interesting and useful analysis concentrates on the Conservative and Labour parties. There are a fair number of arguable generalisations, but students looking for a resource which helps to distinguish between these 'big two' simply and effectively will find this valuable. However, it would also be important to be aware of post 1945 consensus between the 'big two' and the context within which it developed. Additionally, students should look at the development and influence of the Liberal democrat party up to and including the 2010 coalition.

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