The Design Argument Full Notes

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  • The Design Argument
    • Early Testimonies of Design
      • Socrates
        • "with such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of design?"
      • Cicero
        • "what could be more obvious when we look up to contemplate the heaven, that there is some divinity/ intelligence?"
      • Psalm 19
        • "the heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands"
    • Appearance of Design
      • David Hume
      • Design
        • Creator /  God
        • Aquinas
          • Theist
          • "It is plain that they achieve their end (telos) ot fortuitously but designedly"
      • Change
        • Mother Nature
        • Dawkins
          • Atheist
          • "The temptation to attribute the appearance of design to actual design is a false one"
      • order
        • complexity
          • providence
            • purpose
              • beauty
    • Qualities
      • inductive
      • a posteriori
    • Types
      • To Design
        • "qua regularity"
        • by probability
        • providential
        • Anthropic Argument
          • Fred Tennant
            • "If the universe were different in any significant way, we wouldn't be here to wonder why it is the way it is"
          • Dyson
            • "As we identify the many accidents of physics that have worked together to our benefit, it seems as if the Universe [knew] we were coming"
            • Cosmic fine-tuning
          • Paul Davies
            • Goldilocks Enigma
          • Stephen Hawkins
            • "these seem to have been very finely adjusted to make [life] possible"
      • From Design
        • "qua purpose"
        • teleological
        • by analogy
        • William Paley
          • "every manifestation of design, which existed in the watch, exists in the works of nature"
        • The Watchmaker Analogy
          • Qualities of complexity
            • specific materials
            • several parts
            • works for a purpose
            • regular motion
            • indispensable parts
          • A watch has all qualities of complexity hence must have a watchmaker
            • When compared with a human eye, they have identical qualities so there must be an eye maker
              • "Like effects have like causes"
              • "The marks of design are too strong. Design must have had a designer. That designer must be God."
    • Critisms
      • David Hume
        • like effects dont always have like causes
        • unsound analogy
          • the world is not a machine
            • all things have similar causes like the rock
        • it anthropomorphizes God
        • we have no experience in world making
          • we have nothing to compare our universe to
      • The Epicurean Hypothesis
        • Order can come from chaos
      • Multi-verse Theory
        • if there are multiple universes life becomes inevitable, not improbable
      • Weak Anthropic Principle
        • We are finely tuned for the universe, not vice versa
      • AJ Ayer
        • limited experience
          • cant tell real design from fake

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