Strategies and Treatments 

  • Created by: Livi25
  • Created on: 08-05-18 11:48
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  • STRATEGIES & TREATMENT
    • Person centred therapy
      • Encourage client to talk about their feelings
      • Help client to show unconditional positive regard, positive self-concept, help to facilitate self-actualisation
      • Therapist should make sure client feels they are respected by others, understands that they are responsible for making changes
      • Therapist should be non-judgemental and show empathy towards the client
      • Erikson, Maslow
    • Meditation and relaxation
      • Breathing exercises to reduce stress/ aggression
      • Distraction from condition/ life event
      • Deep muscle relaxation to reduce anxiety
      • Eysenck
    • Encounter groups
      • Increase self-awareness and express ideas in a safe, supportive environment
      • Receive interventions from therapist, observe others, receive feedback from group
      • Maslow
    • CBT
      • Challenge maladaptive behaviours/ thoughts
      • Operant conditioning +&- reinforcement
      • Learn alternative behaviours
      • Erikson, Pavlov, Piaget
    • Behaviour therapy
      • Challenge negative thoughts/ behaviour
      • Learn to use less noticeable ways to relieve unpleasant sensations
      • Reduces unwanted/ maladaptive behaviours
      • Intervention from school
      • Pavlov
    • Behaviour modification
      • Operant conditioning-extinguish undesirable behaviours
      • Identify maladaptive behaviours
      • Reinforce alternative behaviours
      • Pavlov
    • Token economy
      • Target behaviours reinforced- tokens given
      • Tokens later exchanged for other, bigger rewards
      • Desirable behaviour encouraged, undesirable behaviour extinguished
      • Pavlov
    • Modelling
      • Required/ desirable behaviour modelled by role model
      • Individual practises observed behaviours
    • Social skills training
      • Work in small groups to learn social skills to replace antisocial behaviour
      • Role play, observation of others, direct instruction
      • Learn how to communicate/ interact effectively with others
      • Bandura
    • Drugs
      • Muscle relaxants
      • Reduce pain/ fight infection
      • Stabilise levels of brain chemicals/ condition
      • Eysenck
    • Sensory rooms
      • Create stimulating but calming atmosphere
      • Reduce stress
      • Non-directive, client focused
      • Eysenck
    • Family therapy
      • Family discussion of issues affecting the family
      • Help deal with condition
      • Bandura
    • Play therapy
      • Play is used as a way of helping children express or communicate their feelings
      • Encourages children to develop language and other skills
      • Piaget
    • Reminiscence therapy
      • See Erikson notes

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