UNIT 2 SECTION A2

A2- POLICIES/ PROCEDURES IN HSC

POLICIES- detailed descriptions of the approach, and often specific procedures that should be followed in caring for clients

PROCEDURES- written instructions that outline the expected and required routines that care staff must follow in specific situations- eg reporting accidents/administering medicines

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A2- EXAMPLES OF POLICIES

Health and Safety

Equality and Diversity

Medication

Safeguarding

Disclosing and Barring Service

Death of a Resident Procedures

Complaints Policies

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A2- HEALING/ RECOVERY FOR THE ILL

The treatment must be tailored to the condition of the service user, and their wider social and personal needs

PRESCRIBING MEDICATION- GPs and doctors traditionally take charge of this role- nurses can undergo additional training- nurse prescriber

SURGERY- for physical disorders, surgery can be a life-changing and essential procedure than can completely change a persons health- eg removal of parts of the body, fix damage to any part of the body-surgery can involve district nurses, physios/OTs, social workers and home care workers

RADIOTHERAPY- high energy treatment involving radiation- radiographers/padiotherapists/radiologists

used to treat cancer and non-cancerous problems eg some blood disorders

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A2- HEALING/RECOVERY FOR THE ILL 2

ORGAN TRANSPLANT- 2 types:

ALLOGRAFT- one person to another

AUTOGRAFT- one person to themselves

can dontate kidneys,liver,heart,lungs,pancreas,intestines

a living person can donate a kidney, part of their liver or bone marrow

a non living person can donate any organs mentioned

counselling offered after treatment

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A2- SUPPORT FOR LIFESTYLE CHANGES

what might need to be changed?

  • diet
  • smoking habits
  • alcohol intake
  • upping our levels of activity/ exercise

how?

  • support groups- set up by people who share a common goal- eg Alcoholics Anonymous
  • counselling
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A2- SUPPORT FROM SPECIALIST AGENCIES

AGE UK- works with old people to "provide support at a national and local level to inspire, enable and support other people"

MIND- aims to ensure that "no one faces a mental health problem alone"

YOUNGMIND- represents mental health issues in adolescents and young adults- linked to CAMHS

ALZHEIMERS SOCIETY- provides information and support for those living with dementia, as well as their families and carers- also funds research and raises awareness of the condition

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A2- REHAB/PSYCHOTHERAPY

REHABILITATION- the process of restoring a person to good health following a surgery, an accident or other illness, including addiction

PSYCHOTHERAPY-  a type of therapy used to treat emotional and mental health conditions, usually by talking to a trained therapist either one-on-one or in a group

rehabilitation is an important process in ensuring someone returns to health, and gains back indepependence and a fulfilling life.

what professionals can be involved in rehabilitation?

  • physios
  • OTs
  • counsellors
  • physchotherapists
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A2- COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES

COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES- a wide range of treatments designed to treat the whole person rather than the symptoms of their disease- eg acupuncture

not always a part of mainstream medical treatment and not always provided by the NHS

conventional medical treatment (orthodox) involves the use of drugs/ medication etc and provided by trained professionals 

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A2- EQUIPMENT TO INCREASE MOBILITY

EQUIPMENT TO INCREASE MOBILITY

WHO?

  • people with arthiritis
  • broken limbs
  • recovering from surgery
  • stroke victims
  • ageing people

WHAT?

  • walking sticks
  • wheelchairs
  • adapted shopping trolleys
  • stairlifts
  • adapted cars or other motor vehicles
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A2- ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY

ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY

any tool or strategy used to help people with isabilities complete their studies sucessfully and reach their potential

FOR EXAMPLE:

  • adapted computers
  • availability of signers or other communicating methods
  • wheelchair access
  • additional time in examinations for dyslexic students
  • enlarged text on specific colours fir those with visual impairments
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A2- PROVIDING PERSONAL CARE

PROVIDING PERSONAL CARE (WASHING, TOILETING, FEEDING)

an inability to cope with these needs can lead to a reduced/ negative self esteem

WHAT EQUIPMENT IS THERE AVAILABLE TO ASSIST?

  • walk-in baths
  • wheelchair friendly showers
  • non-slip bathmats
  • bath and shower seats
  • hand rails
  • bath lifts and hoists
  • adapted taps bedpans and comodes
  • female and male urinals
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A2- RELIGIOUS NEEDS/ PREFERENCES

WHAT ABOUT RELIGIOUS AND CULTURAL NEEDS/ PREFERENCES?

  • muslims and hindus generally prefer to wash in running water rather than baths
  • muslims and hindus prefer to use a bidet as opposed to paper after using the toilet
  • sikhs and rastafarians dont normally cut their hair
  • muslims and hindus almost always prefer to be treated by a member of the same sex
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A2- SUPPORTING ROUTINES OF SERVICE USERS

SUPPORTING ROUTINES OF SERVICE USERS IN THE CONTEXT OF THEIR DAY-TO-DAY LIFE, EDUCATION, FAMILY, EMPLOYMENT AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES

HOLISTIC CARE- physical, social, emotional, intellectual

HOW CAN THIS BE DONE?

  • be aware of the community in which the family lives
  • understand the complexities of their employment
  • take into consideration their family circumstances
  • financial position
  • service users intersts, hobbies, aspiraitons

INFORMAL CARERS- generally unpaid support offred by friends, relatives, neighbours and others with an interest in the person in need. this is given alongside the formal care offered bt professionals

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A2- PLANNING SUPPORT

ASSESSMENT AND CARE AND SUPPORT PLANNING, INVOLVING SERVICE USERS AND THEIR FAMILIES

THE CARE CYCLE:

  • 1) assess the client's needs
  • 2) plan the most appropriate care 
  • 3) implement this plan
  • 4) monitor effectiveness of plan
  • 5) review and evaluate effectiveness
  • 6) amend plan if necessary
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