Renaissance 1500-1750

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Renaissance 1500-1750
    • Andreas Vesalius
      • Mapped out the entire human body
      • published in 1543, The Fabric of the Human Body
      • Proved Galen was wrong on a lot of things
        • proved the jawbone was made on one bone instead of two which Galen said
      • Was one of the first people to question Galen's work and had evidence for it
      • Performed surgery and used dead bodies to help map out the entire system of the human body
    • William Harvey
      • Worked out the one-way circulation of the heart and blood network
      • Discovered only veins carry blood to the heart
      • Dismissed Galen's idea that the kidney made the blood and was the main organ to circulate blood around the body
      • Published in 1628 an An Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
      • Printing Press
        • Andreas Vesalius
          • Mapped out the entire human body
          • published in 1543, The Fabric of the Human Body
          • Proved Galen was wrong on a lot of things
            • proved the jawbone was made on one bone instead of two which Galen said
          • Was one of the first people to question Galen's work and had evidence for it
          • Performed surgery and used dead bodies to help map out the entire system of the human body
        • The creation of the printing press in the mid-15th century allowed ideas and discoveries to be published on a mass scale
    • Royal Society
      • First organisation setup to allow doctors to talk to one another on their findings
      • Allowed doctors the freedom to talk of ideas/ theories instead of being shamed by the Church
      • Formed in 1660 by a group of educated men
        • Had the support of the king
    • Doctors
      • Improved technology e.g. thermometer,     microscopes etc. all allowed training of doctors to rise
      • Improved knowledge of anatomy and physiology through books improved training
      • Medical schools and hospitals introduced allowed training to increase
      • growing acceptance of dissections of human body
      • John Hunter
        • trained in Renaissance methods
        • emphasised importance of observation and experiments
        • Observed profession of human changes; pregnancy, progressive diseases
        • Expert in dissection and provided clear illustrations of human anatomy
    • Public health problems
      • rubbish, dead animals and waste dumped on streets and left there
      • rivers polluted with waste and little clean water is available
      • most drank ale and so were unable to work
      • poor sanitation
      • Black Plague: 1665
      • Local authorities tried several methods but had little success
        • laissa faire effect-no one wanted the government to get involved in health
      • rich had toilets because they could afford it
  • Neither man still made an impact of medicine
    • Their discoveries were simply made about the human body, not on the treatment or prevention of disease
    • William Harvey
      • Worked out the one-way circulation of the heart and blood network
      • Discovered only veins carry blood to the heart
      • Dismissed Galen's idea that the kidney made the blood and was the main organ to circulate blood around the body
      • Published in 1628 an An Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
      • Printing Press
        • The creation of the printing press in the mid-15th century allowed ideas and discoveries to be published on a mass scale
  • Public health action
    • Town councils passed laws
      • made people clean streets and stop dumping in rivers
      • Setup public toilets
    • Water in London
      • many attempts to build artificial water supplies
      • 1750 had most water supplied through private companies
    • 1750 had the government made gin more expensive
      • less intoxicated people meant more in work
      • improved the economy
    • Public health problems
      • rubbish, dead animals and waste dumped on streets and left there
      • rivers polluted with waste and little clean water is available
      • most drank ale and so were unable to work
      • poor sanitation
      • Black Plague: 1665
      • Local authorities tried several methods but had little success
        • laissa faire effect-no one wanted the government to get involved in health
      • rich had toilets because they could afford it

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »