Ideas and Beliefs about the causes of disease (1250 - present day)

  • Created by: Helena02
  • Created on: 20-02-19 11:38
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  • Ideas and Beliefs about the causes of disease (1250 - Present day)
    • 1250 - 1500
      • Supernatural Beliefs
        • Punishment - God
        • Evil spirits living inside a person
        • Astrology
          • movement of planets and stars - causing disease
      • Rational Beliefs
        • Miasma - waste / dead bodies smell
        • Four Humours
          • too much phlegm
            • need to restore balance
    • Hippocrates
      • "Father of medicine"
      • Ideas were the bases of medieval medicine
    • Four Humours
      • Fluids inside body
        • When imbalanced caused illness
      • Hippocrates credited with this theory
    • Galen
      • Ancient Roman Doctor
        • Wrote over 350 textbooks
      • Theories formed basis of European medicine until Renaissance
    • Examps of errors made by Galen
      • Jaw in two parts
        • Based of Pig Disection
      • One kidney is higher than the other
        • Based on monkey dissection
    • Beliefs about the causes of illness that continued from the periods 1250-1500 into the renaissance (1500-1750)
      • Punishment - God
        • Supernatural
      • Evil spirits living inside a body
        • Supernatural
      • Astrology
        • Movement of planets and stars - causing disease
          • Supernatural
      • Miasma
        • Rational
      • Most ordinary people still believed in the four humours.
        • Some doctors moved on
          • Rational
    • Thomas Sydenham
      • Renaissance
      • Rejected the four humour theory
    • One new idea about causes that came about in the 1500
      • External factor that weather can cause disease
    • One idea about the cause of illness that continued into the renaissance period
      • Miasma
        • Linked to new but mistaken idea of Spontaneoud generation
    • One new idea of the causes of diseases that developed after 1860
      • Germ theory
    • Louis Pasteur
      • Developed Germ Theory
    • Description of spontaneous Generation Theory
      • Beliefs that bacteria materialised from decaying matter
        • Disproved by Germ Theory
    • Description of Germ Theory
      • Belief that bacteria is carried (into wounds, liquids etc) by dust particles in the air
        • Don't materialise
    • Edwin Chadwick
      • 19th century
      • Did a survey on...
        • Poor living standards
        • Poor sanitation
          • In industrial cities
            • Poor living standards
    • Significance of Edwin Chadwick
      • Helped prove link between poor sanitation and increased chance of death from disease in poorer areas
    • Untitled
    • Significance of the Great Stink in 1858
      • Prompted parliament to acknowledge link between sanitation and disease and to do something about it
        • E.g. Public Heath act 1875
        • E.g. Bazaigette's new sewage system

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