Religious Pluralism and Theology

  • Created by: c.therine
  • Created on: 29-12-20 10:43
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  • Religious Pluralism and Theology
    • Religious Pluralism
      • Problems: Epistemology, Soteriology
      • Necessary and sufficient conditions
      • Gavin D'Costa
        • Sola Christus
        • Extra ecclesiam nulla salus
        • Fides ex auditu
        • God and creation
        • Eschatology
        • Sin and election
    • Theological Exclusivism
      • Restrictive Access Exclusivism
        • Salvation only possible by directly hearing the Gospel and accepting baptism
        • Middle Knowledge
          • God knows all that could happen
          • Midway between natural and free knowledge
      • Universal Access Exclusivism
        • Preparation: sensus divinitatus; devotion through non- Christian means
        • Life after death: possible to encounter Gospel in hell or purgatory
        • God wills the redemption of everyone
        • The R.C Church: Other religions lack the controlling beliefs
          • Dominus Iesus: reasserts and clarifies that the Catholic Church is one true Church or Christ
          • Unicity: Oneness or singleness
        • Karl Barth
    • Theological Inclusivism
      • Karl Rahner
        • Structural Inclusivism: any religion with structures open to God's grace can receive God's salvation
        • Human knowledge limited and finite; can only have unconditional openness to existence; all humans desire grace and salvation
        • Anonymous Christianity: refers to any religious institution which practices and values are means of grace
    • Theological Pluralism
      • There are many ways to salvation, not just one path
      • Unitary Theological Pluralism
        • John Hick
          • Kant and the an-Sich: epistemological distinction between noumenal and phenomenal knowledge
          • Wittgenstein, religious experience, and seeing-the-world-as: duck rabbit picture
          • Morality and the reality centred life: all authentic religions uphold the categorical imperative
          • Theocentric not Christocentric; myth of Jesus' divinity; Jesus as a gift to the world
      • Pluriform theological pluralism
        • Many 'reals' as they are experienced by each religion
        • Each religion has own authentic form of salvation, liberation, or knowledge
        • Keith Ward
      • Ethical Theological Pluralism
        • Paul Knitter
        • All religions share a soteriological aim of liberating humans


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