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  • Raine:
    • Aim:
      • To take a multi-factoral approach to understanding antisocial and aggressive behaviour in children with a biological focus.
    • Methodology:
      • A review article.
    • Procedure:
      • To REVIEW and summarise findings from a selection of articles covering neuropsychological, neurological and brain-imaging studies
        • and report findings as they relate to antisocial behaviour through a child's development.
    • Results:
      • Believes a LOW resting heart rate is a good predictor of an individual who will seek excitement to raise their arousal level, creating a fearless temperament.
      • New research suggesting the adolescent brain is still forming its final connections in the PRE-FRONTAL LOBES right up to the early twenties.
      • Activity in pre-frontal lobes has been shown to be lower in impulsive individuals who are antisocial and aggressive.
        • Explains why offending peaks during adolescence. Birth complications+poor parenting+physical abuse and malnutrition, smoking+drinking during pregnancy all add to risk.
    • Conclusions:
      • Early INTERVENTION and prevention may be an effective way of reversing biological defects that predispose to antisocial and aggressive behaviour.


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