A level Psychology OCR

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Aim: To make a multifactorial approach to understanding antisocial behaviour in children.


  • PET Scans.
  • meta-analysis of a selection of articles.
  • Covering neuropsychological, neurological and brain-imaging studies as they relate to anti-social behaviour in children.


  • A low resting heart rate is a good predictor of an individual who will seek excitement to raise their arousal level, creating a fearless disposition.
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  • The adolescent brain is still forming its final connections in the pre-frontal lobe right up until the early twenties. 
  • Activity in the pre-frontal lobes of impulsive individuals, who are more likely to be antisocial and aggressive, is lower.
  • Birth complications and poor parenting with physical abuse and malnutrition, smoking and drinking during pregnancy all add to the risk.

Conclusions: Raine concludes that early involvement and prevention may be an effective method of reversing biological deficits that predispose to antisocial and aggressive behaviour. 

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