Race Relations Act 1976

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  • Race Relations Act 1976, 2001
    • Features
      • Employment
        • Equal training and promotion opportunities, hours and fringe benefits
        • Some exceptions known as 'genuine occupational requirements' e.g. in drama productions
        • Organisations should have equal opportunity policies
      • Goods, facilities and services
        • Trade unions cannot refuse membership or apply different terms'benefits due to race
        • Licensing bodies (e.g. police or magistrates) cannot be racist and must take previous racist conduct of applicants into account
      • Education
        • Applies to all schools and colleges
        • Exception of overseas students (not British citizens who may return home after education), allowing education providers to charge higher fees
      • Housing
        • Covers renting, buying and selling (e.g. cannot charge different prices)
        • Exceptions of small boarding houses. shared accommodation/owner-occupiers (unless an estate agent is used
      • Charities for particular groups are allowed to provide exclusively for them
      • Covers discrimination between all ethnic groups
    • Strengths
      • Act covers most areas
      • Applies to ALL racial and ethnic groups (including discrimination between minorities
      • The act covers both actions and behaviours
      • Places a duty on providers to consider diversity
      • Prevents victimisation
      • Ensures that organisations promote good relationships
    • Weaknesses
      • Difficult to identify discrimination
      • Legislation does not change attitudes
      • People may not know their rights
        • Why people may not want to report discrimination
          • Fear of victimisation
          • Denial
          • Don't know who to go to
      • Cases can be expensive and time-consuming
      • It is difficult to monitor daily services e.g. care homes
    • Effects of racism
      • Low self-esteem
      • Fear of accessing services
      • Anger
      • Lack of trust
      • Self-fulfilling prophecy
    • Why people may not want to report discrimination
      • Fear of victimisation
      • Denial
      • Don't know who to go to
    • Examples of indirect discrimination
      • Victimisation and harrassment
      • Dress codes for facial hair i.e. clean-shaven (Sikhs and other cultures are excluded)
    • Examples of direct discrimination
      • Refusing services
      • Refusing employment
      • Segregation


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