Proactive Policing

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  • Created by: rachel
  • Created on: 17-05-13 14:11
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  • Proactive Policing
    • Building up pictures of threats to the peace and potential criminality through the targeting of potential criminals and the surveillance of them
    • Intelligence is vital so that threats can be identified and appropriate counter-measures taken
      • This information may or may not come from the general public
    • Tends to involve specialist squads (eg drugs and fraud squads) who are reliant on the analysis of crime patterns and information from informants
    • Dangers with this form of policing are that it is secretive and so less accountable and that the targets will be selected out of prejudice
    • Broken Windows
      • Wilson and Kelling
        • Assertive tackling of incivilities
        • Disorder = fear = crime
      • Targeting physical and social disorder can influence crime rates
    • Chicago Study
      • Focused on problems rather than incidents
      • Prevent crime rather than dealing with them once they've happened. Bring police, other police agencies and the community together
      • More  officers, beat meetings,
    • Community policing
      • "the police are the public and the public are the police"
      • Originally associated with John Alderson
      • Emphasised importance of a close relationship between police and the community
      • Policing should respond to community demands rather than policing priorities
      • Tilley
        • Defining what constitute problems or policing needs
        • Shaping forms of local policing by the police service
        • Examining identified local problems alongside the police service
        • Determining responses to identified issues
        • Implementing responses to issues as participants in community policing
        • Working with the police to address community defined problems
        • Informing or supplementing the operational work of police officers
      • Alderson: Policing Freedom - prevent crime by tackling underlying social causes
      • Operation Swamp - Precipitates Brixton riots. Putting more police into the areas of riots - showed racial predudice
      • Overall mixed evaluations "doomed to success"
      • USA 1980s - a number of community policing initiatives - but it wasn't invented in america
      • Reduce distance between police and policed. Foot patrol - visibility is important. Prevention is better than detection. Enhance trust and confidence = information. Community engagement


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