Unit 1 Topic 1 Memory Key term difinitions

Psychology, GCSE level, unit 1, topic 1, memory , key term definitions

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  • Created by: Amna
  • Created on: 13-05-13 18:00
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  • Unit 1 Topic 1 Memory
    • Encoding: changing information so that it can be stored
    • Reconstructive memory: our memory alters the information in our memory to make more sense to us
    • Retrieval: recoving information from the memory system
    • Primary effect: information revived previously is recalled better that information recalled recently
    • Multi-store: information passes through serious of memory stores
    • Phonetic processing: thinking about the sound of the word to be learnt
    • Storage: holding information so that it can be stored
    • Recency effect: information received recently in recalled better than information received previously
    • Sensory store: holds information for a very short period of time received from the senses
    • Structural processing: thinking about the appearance of the word to be leant
    • Semantic processing: thinking about the meaning of the word to be learnt
    • Retrograde amnesia: unable to remember event that happened before suffering brain damage
    • Retrograde interference: when information we learn recently hinders our ability to recall previous information
    • Context: the place the activity takes place in
    • Proactive interference: when information we lean previously hinders our ability to recall information leant recently
    • Hippocampus: a part of the brain that is crucial for memory
    • Anterograde amnesia: unable to learn new information after suffering brain damage
    • Interference: when some information hinders our ability to recall other information
    • Cognitive interview: a method used by the police to question the witnesses and create the same context
    • Leading question: a question that hints that a particular type of answer is needed
    • Reliability: results are regarded as accurate


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