Population change in India (2)

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  • Population Change in India - LEDC (2)
    • Population policies
      • Facing huge population increase
      • Persistently high birth rate - falling death ratio
        • Death Rate - 13 per 1000
        • Birth rate - 42 per 1000
      • Government aware of situation
      • attempts made to reduce family size
      • Coercive sterilisation campiagn
        • 8 million
        • Widespread condemnation
        • Abandoned in 1978
      • Mid 1980s - programme to improve reproductive health care + encourage contraception
      • Female literacy increased
      • Percentage of women marrying under 20 fallen
      • Resulted in reduction in the rate of growth of pop.
    • Regional variations
      • Patterns of fertility and mortality decline
      • Difference in northern states of Uttar Predesh and Rajasthan and the southern states
      • Life expectancy varies from 20 years
      • Birth rate and Death rate lower in southern states
      • Variations due to education and health services
      • Southern States more developed + higher attitude towards women
      • Keral + Tamil Nadu fertility levels similar to MEDC

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