popular culture

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  • POPULAR CULTURE
    • CINEMA
      • 1930's
        • depression and high un-employment
        • offered sense of escapism
          • e.g. King Kong
      • American-isation of British society
        • american style and glamour appealed to British
        • new language
          • 'oh yeah'
        • new fashion
          • Clark Gobel in gone with the wind had a white vest
      • permissive society in 1970's
        • extreme violence in Straw Dogs (1971)
        • Clockwork Orange 1971
          • violence, sex and drug use
            • influenced social attitude and behaviour
          • director Kubrick asked for it not to be shown
        • contrasted from 1928-1939 BBFC banned 140 films and forced 1000's to edit content
        • greater permissiveness of BFFC
          • 1959 obscenity act
          • 1968 theaters act
    • RADIO
      • WW2
        • patriotic symbol of Britain
          • e.g. broadcasting monarch's christmas message
        • collectivism of WW2
          • showed united attitude e.g. Workers Playtime
            • aimed to boost morale in factories
      • traditional conservative values of 1950's
        • Light Programmes
          • housewives choice and women's hour
      • teenage rebellion and identity
        • pirate radio emerged
          • stations with no license to broadcast
          • popular new music
          • large teenage audience
        • radio one emerged aimed specifically at youth
          • widened age gap
    • MUSIC
      • popular music in 1930/40's
        • americanisation of society
          • jazz and swing music
      • rock and roll popular in 1950's
        • showed youth culture and teen rebellion
          • affluence allowed money to buy records and associated clothes
        • bands like Beatles continued to reflect such change in 1960's
          • wealth of teenagers
      • beatles showed shift in social class
        • working class affluence
        • also showed permissive society
          • e.g. Sargent Pepper 1967 album
            • drug taking
            • number 1 for 6 months
      • permissive society showed in popular music of 1970's
        • break down of authority and establishment
          • strikes and bad economy
            • reflected by punk rock e.g. sex pistols
    • YOUTH CULTURE
      • pre 1950's didn't exist or minimal due to traditional society
      • american influence in films, music + clothes
        • americanisation aided development of youth culture
        • businesses targeted specific products
          • teenage affluence
      • teenage rebellion
        • mid 50's saw Teddy Boy gangs
          • slicked back hair and rock and roll
        • replaced by rockers with leather jackets and motorbikes
      • permissive society
        • MODS morphed into skinheads into punks
        • MODS listened to R and B and rode vespa
          • relaxed and independance
        • skinheads reflected working class arrogance
          • changing social classes
          • reggae and ska inspired music came from caribbean
            • immigration at its height in late 1960's
        • Punks showed break down of the establishment
          • rebellion to economic issues
        • VIOLENCE
          • My 1964 mods and rockers vandalised seasides
            • 51 arrests in Margate and 76 Brighton
          • emergence of football hooligans
            • shown in BBC panorama
              • all we are going for is a good game for football; a good punch and kick up'
    • TELEVISION
      • permissive society and abortion
        • up the junction 1965
          • brutal images about illegal abortions
          • contributed to passing of 1967 abortion act
      • popular after WW2
        • men and women spent 23% of free time wtaching TV
        • 1977-79 16 hours a week and 20 hours in winter
        • 1947: 15,000 TV licences and 18,716,000 in 1985
      • used for current events and violence
        • coloured pictures from 1967
        • people worried about troubles in NI / vietnam
          • gory colours
      • important social issues e.g. homelessness
        • Cathy Come Home 1966
          • lunch of shelter - charity for homeless people
        • immigration
          • Love Thy Neighbour 1970's
      • coronation street appealed to working class
        • working lass challenged authority and establishment
          • That Was The Week That Was
            • represented pinnacle of satire boom
          • The Sweeny exposed reality of ppolice bending rules
            • exposed by The Times

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